ADHDTreatment

ADHDTreatment

Miller,N. S., &amp Gold, M. S. (2011). AddictiveDisorders in Medical Populations.New York, NY: John Wiley &amp Sons.

Millerconfers to that many studies rule out the possibility of thedevelopment of the addiction phase to the children using the Ritalinto treat the ADHD disorder. The common usage of the Ritalin and therelated stimulants to treat ADHD is now an accepted norm. Hisargument strengthens that the low price for the stimulants and theeasy prescription process leads people to ignore the side effects ofthe drug that arise from the wrongful usage. In cases where thechildren take the drugs as administered and use the instructedmethods, then there is no existence of a risk of addiction to anydrug at their teenage years. More so, there is a huge possibilitythat the venture to addiction would arise from the ADHD rather thanfrom the treatment used to lower the detrimental effects of the ADHD(Miller 2011). The author makes a conclusion that the childrensuffering from prolonged ADHD lack the proper mental strength toresist the temptations surrounding them, and they will often make adecision based on their emotions, rather than applying logic andreason to their decision-making process.

Nass,R. D., &amp Leventhal, F. (2010). 100Questions &amp Answers About Your Child’s ADHD: Preschool toCollege.Jones &amp Bartlett Learning.

Nassillustratesthe usage of the Ritalin to treat ADHD should be a safe and a gradualprocess to help the ADHD children live comfortably and extend theirrelationships with the surrounding within normal extensions. Theauthor extends that the healing process offered by the Ritalin is onethat guarantees the parents that their children will not end upbecoming fully dependable to the drug. Such achievements lie withinthe physicians to control the amount and levels of the dosage for thechildren. The control processes of the drug in prescription andadministration has a gradual increase in the levels until thephysicians get comfortable with the therapeutic effects of theRitalin. Therefore, there is certainty that the correct usage of thedrug will not lead to any addiction in the later years in the child’slife. However, the improper and abusive usage of the Ritalin and theassociated stimulants treating ADHD create a possibility of the childgetting an addiction to an illegal drug, especially cocaine. Cocaineand Ritalin have almost the same therapeutic effects to the treatmentof the ADHD with the cocaine having better results than the Ritalin.Nassends by appreciating thatthe usage may create a wantonness to launch to the better workingself- medicating procedures. More so, the detrimental effects of theADHD contribute heavily to the path of addiction. If not properlytreated, the ADHD impairs the judgment making the process of theaffected to impede their social life, and since drugs abuse is asocial issue, the people with prolonged ADHD may find themselvesaddicted to the illegal drugs.

NationalInstitute on Drug Abuse. Stimulant ADHD Medications: Methylphenidateand Amphetamines Retrieved fromhttps://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/stimulant-adhd-medications-methylphenidate-amphetamineson July 6, 2016

The report argues that with the current trends in the medicationplatforms, the most common types of medication that treat people withattention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are the stimulantmedications. The stimulants in the pharmacies act as a quick way tosolve the disorder, hence, the quick and easy availability in themajor pharmaceutical outlets. Amphetamines such as Adderall and themethylphenidate such as the Concerta and Ritalin have a wide usageamong the medical practitioners treating the ADHD (National Instituteon Drug Abuse. Stimulant ADHD Medications). People that suffer fromthat condition persistently have a difficult time while payingattention. Moreover, they are impulsive and hyperactive than theother members of their ages. The ADHD condition has a huge occurrenceamong the children in their preschool years and extends to influencethe behavior of the kid as they get into the first years of theirelementary schools. The average age for the children is seven yearsold. At this age, the children start showing the signs of ADHD andconstantly align out themselves from the behavior and growth patternsof the other children at that same age. In rare cases, the symptomsof the conditions may extend to affect the adolescence age of thechildren, and some cases persist into the adult stage of life of theaffected individuals. The report explains that the usage of thestimulants to treat the effects of ADHD works to produce a calmingand a focusing effect on the people suffering from ADHD. Most of thepatients take the drugs on a daily basis, with the drugs being informs of capsules or the tablets. In the prescription process, theamount and levels of the dosages vary from one patient to another,which the prescriber instructs to the patient. Treating the patientssuffering from ADHD with the stimulants such as Ritalin offersimmense benefits to the patients. Among the positive and healingcharacteristics of the stimulants is the ability of the drugs toimprove the thinking capability of the affected person. Additionally,taking the drugs boosts the self-esteem of the individual aiding thepatients to have an easy time while in social and familyinteractions. The processes of the working of stimulants even thosetreating the ADHD starts with the increase of dopamine in the brain.The neurotransmitter controls body activities such as the attentionof the person, the movement, and pleasure. The authors reflect thatthe working process of the stimulants starts slow and prescriptionsincrease gradually until the therapeutic effects desired areaccomplished.

Plotnik,R., &amp Kouyoumdjian, H. (2014). Introductionto Psychology.Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub Co.

Plotnikquestions the huge question as to where the usage of stimulants suchas Ritalin to treat ADHD causes a later drug abuse for the childrenafter they get to their teenage years. He illustrates the basic lineto start with is that taking the stimulants especially Ritalinthrough other routes than the prescribed one causes the brain toincrease the secretion of dopamine. The uncontrolled usage of thedrugs will create a rapid and hugely amplified release of thedopamine (Plotnik 2014). The high releases will now work similarly tothe way the other drugs such as methamphetamine functions in thebody. Consequently, the dopamine starts to upset the normal andregular communication processes of the body (Plotnik 2014). Theauthor explains that the body experiences euphoria the drugssuppress the appetite of the user increase the levels of bodywakefulness with heavy attribution to weight loss (Plotnik 2014). Theconclusion from the author is that the euphoria effect is the onewith the highest capability of dragging the stimulant users to theaddiction levels after they get to their teenage years.

Tindall,W. N., Sedrak, M., &amp Boltri, J. (2013). Patient-CenteredPharmacology: Learning System for the Conscientious Prescribe.FA Davis.

Tindallasserts that the stimulants such as Ritalin offer effective, yetgradual healing processes to the ADHD condition. The ADHD conditiongets a calming effect from the stimulant, and the application processof the stimulants is under tight analysis and inspection from thephysician instruction the prescription to the children suffering fromADHD. Taking on the various functioning of most stimulants intreatment of the minds of people with ADHD, the author gives a lightshining discussion on the functioning of the Ritalin to the users’minds, and then reflects the same functioning to the functioning ofthe illegal stimulants such as cocaine to introduce a basis for theargument of the paper. The main driving point of the author lies withthe fact that the usage of the Ritalin on the young children couldget to an addiction inducing level once the children misuse theRitalin and take it wrongfully, taking the drugs in other ways thanthose prescribed by the physicians (Tindall 2013). The authorconcludes that the improper administration and abuse of thestimulants treating ADHD create the likeliness of a drug abuse in thefuture for the children, sighting that any possible drug addictionwill be from the instability of the ADHD and not on the treatmentoptions.

Turkington,C., &amp Harris, J. (2009). Theencyclopedia of the brain and brain disorders.New York: Facts On File.

Turkingtonhighlights there are a possibility that the wrongful and excessiveusage of Ritalin gives an inclination to the user to acquire anaddiction. Ritalin has a composition of stimulants, and with thewrongful usage of the drug, there exists a huge potential for abuseof the drug just like in any other stimulant. He concretes that theusage of Ritalin aids the sick to filter out any surroundingdistractions, and they can now make decisions based on reason ratherthan the prevalent emotion. The success of usage of the drug leadsthe people to trust and want to use the drug more and more to calmtheir anxiety. With a very close similarity to cocaine, Ritalinincreases the levels as mentioned above of dopamine by blocking adopamine relay protein taking up dopamine from the synapse. ADHDchildren have a routine of taking the Ritalin with most childrenquitting the drugs once the psychotherapists have optimum results.Consequently, the Ritalin users grow up with an already developedlonging for cocaine usage since the two drugs work in a similarmanner in calming the anxiety and the conditions related with ADHDsuffering people. Therefore, many teenagers with previousprescriptions of Ritalin end up craving for cocaine and otherself-medicating stimulants (Turkington 2009). The self-medicationprocess is an easy method of calming the ADHD since the cocaine, andthe other non-prescribed stimulants have an easy access as comparedto the controlled Ritalin that requires a physician’s directive.Additionally, many of the teenagers will opt for the self-medicationsince the Ritalin is a pill therefore, it takes a much longer timeto get to the brain in comparison to cocaine and other stimulants.Therefore, the people using Ritalin will substitute by taking largerdoses, and adding more to the prescription to achieve the floodedcalm feeling from the increased dosage of dopamine in their brains(Turkington 2009). The conclusions of the author are that with suchpredispositions, a person will end up in addiction phases with theRitalin drug, when used in uncontrolled ways. More so, the abuse ofRitalin where the patients take it in high doses and taking the drugimproperly in other ways than those prescribed by the physicianstends to lead the patient to addiction. Turkington adds that theaddiction develops hugely from the fact that the drugs deliveryprocesses and methods have a huge influence on the addictivepotential of the drug used (2009).

References

Miller,N. S., &amp Gold, M. S. (2011). AddictiveDisorders in Medical Populations.New York, NY: John Wiley &amp Sons.

Nass,R. D., &amp Leventhal, F. (2010). 100Questions &amp Answers About Your Child’s ADHD: Preschool toCollege.Jones &amp Bartlett Learning.

NationalInstitute on Drug Abuse. Stimulant ADHD Medications: Methylphenidateand Amphetamines Retrieved fromhttps://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/stimulant-adhd-medications-methylphenidate-amphetamineson July 6, 2016

Plotnik,R., &amp Kouyoumdjian, H. (2014). Introductionto Psychology.Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub Co.

Tindall,W. N., Sedrak, M., &amp Boltri, J. (2013). Patient-CenteredPharmacology: Learning System for the Conscientious Prescribe.FA Davis.

Turkington,C., &amp Harris, J. (2009). Theencyclopedia of the brain and brain disorders.New York: Facts On File.