SPECIFIC CLINICAL POPULATIONS 5

Assessmentfor Specific Clinical Populations

Assessmentfor Specific Clinical Populations

Clinicalpsychologists apply different tools to assist in the diagnosis ofmental diseases and illnesses (Maruish,2013).Thesame tools may be implemented in thediagnosis of learning disabilities, determine the capability to standthe crime trials and help the individuals to understand theiravocational and vocational likes and dislikes. However, just like thecomplicated medical conditions, these tests do not often offer all ofthe solutions to the problem and asa result,psychologist relieson the wider educational tool referred to as assessment to accuratelydiagnose mental conditions (Rustet al., 2014).The paper will discuss the process used in selecting an assessmentfor mental diseases and illness by psychologists.

Preparation

Theassessmentof mental health helps the psychologistwith an overall image of how good an individual is emotionally andhow well that person can think, reason out and recall

(Kendrick&amp Simon, 2008).Thepsychologistwill examine the patients and ask questions. The whole process of themental assessment starts at preparation stage where psychologistrequests the patients who havegivensymptoms to keep a diary for a few days beforethe appointment. In some assessment,theclientmay be asked to bring a family member who candescribe the patient’s symptoms (Kendrick&amp Simon, 2008).Also,the preparation phase gives the patient an opportunity to reveal ifhe or she is taking any medicine as they can alter the ability tothink, reason and remember (Kendrick&amp Simon, 2008).Also,the patients can discuss with the psychologist about any concernsthey may have, regarding the necessity of the test, how it will beperformedand the risks associated with assessment.

Assessment

Thesecond phase involves now the actual assessment where the healthprofessionals conduct a brief mental assessment during orderedcheckups. If the person happens to be having mental health issues thepsychologist maycarry outcompletefurtherassessments or may refer you to other medical experts such as apsychiatristor a doctor. Mental health assessment may involve an interviewwith a psychologistor even physical examination and verbal or written tests. Whenperforming interview, psychologistpays attention the individuals` look, their movements, type of moodthey seem to be in and their behavior (Kendrick&amp Simon, 2008).They will be asked to talk about their complaints and symptoms.Psychologists may ask a few questions to determine how good a patientthinks, reasons, and remembers. In the caseof physical exams, psychologistsusually reviewthe past medical history of the patients as well as that of theirfamilies and medicine they are presently taking (Kendrick&amp Simon, 2008).In written and verbal tests patients areaskedquestions which require either they answer them round or write theanswer on a sheet of paper. These answers are rated and scored by apsychologist.

HowLong Does it take

Theduration of assessment will vary based on the test reasons. Forinstance,if an interview consists of written or verbal tests it lasts 30 to 90minutes or longer if other tests are involved.

Risks

Risksinvolved in the assessment include failure of their psychologist todetect the root of symptoms as some of the mentaldisorders are difficult to diagnose (Kendrick&amp Simon, 2008).More important than one assessment may be required thus making theprocess even expensive.

Results

Afterthe assessment, psychologist now hasa clear picture of how well patients feel, think, reason, andremember. The practitioner can therefore discuss the results rightafter the test (Kendrick&amp Simon, 2008).However, completed results may take the timeto be released.

References

Kendrick,T. &amp Simon, C. (2008). Adult mental health assessment. Innovait,1(3),180-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/innovait/inn013

Maruish,M. E. (2013). Psychological assessment in treatment. Handbookof psychology.

Rust,J., Golombok, S., Kosinski, M., &amp Stillwell, D. (2014). Modernpsychometrics: The science of psychological assessment.Routledge