Thetitle of the current article is “Associationbetween impairment, function, and daily life task management inchildren and adolescents with autism”. The title is well phrasedwith key words embedded allowing the reader to know what to expect.
Theabstract to this article is well outlined. It offers a synopsis ofthe various sections to the article. This information includes theaim, methodology, results and interpretation of the results.
Thearticle provides useful background information on the link betweenimpairment, functionality and everyday life task management inchildren having disorders in autism spectrum. The authors clearlylink the current study with the existing knowledge. Although theliterature review section has been merged in the background, it isextensive and uses several secondary sources. These sources aremostly within the last ten years which gives the article credibility.
Themethodology part in the article is clear. The study utilizessecondary sources for example the use of cross sectional data set,which was initially collected for evaluating the performance ofPediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory-Computer Adaptive Test –Autism Spectrum Disorders (PEDI-CAT-ASD) (Kao, Kramer, Liljenquist &Coster, 2015).
Datawas collected through online survey including the PediatricEvaluation of Disability Inventory-Computer Adaptive Test – AutismSpectrum Disorders (PEDI-CAT-ASD), Responsibility domains, DailyActivities, Social/Cognitive, a demographic questionnaire, and theSCQ (Social Communication Questionnaire) Current (Witwer &Lecavalier, 2007).The instruments used in collecting data are welloutlined in the article such as SCQ.
Primaryresearch was carried which involved interview of 263 participants whowere parents to children and adolescents with Autism SpectrumDisorder (ASD). The children in question were between 3-21 years (Kaoet al., 2015). The participants were recruited electronically throughvenues targeted towards adolescents with ASD like parent supportgroups. Eligibility to participate was determined through email orthrough the phone.
Datawas analyzed through various quantitative data analysis methods. Forexample, Scaled domain scores for every participant were calculatedwith the help of two-parameter Graded Response Model. Consequently,Pearson correlations between variables were scrutinized priorregression analysis (Tabachnickand Fidell, 2007).The various data analysis tools are well explained. However, they arenot easy for a person with no prior knowledge of statistics tointerpret or understand the analysis. In addition, there are severaltools used for analyzing data in the article which makes itcomplicated.
Theresults are well presented quantitatively and summarized in tablesfor easy and faster perusal. In the discussion, the authors havegiven meaning to study by providing meaning to results. The studyfound out that, the functional skills of routine activities were morevehemently linked with the management of life tasks than disabilitiesfor children with ASD after controlling for age.
Thecurrent study sought approval for the study from Boston UniversityCharles River Campus Institutional Review Board. Parents alsoprovided informed consent through a private website in which theywere given a link and a password to access the site. This follows theAmerican Psychological Association’s code of ethics which requiresresearchers to seek approval from relevant authorities beforecollecting data from human participants (Wilkinson, 1999).
Onemajor limitation highlighted in the study is the fact that, the studyused a sample that was convenient. Besides, the largest part of theparticipants was from the minority Caucasian and it’s therefore notknown whether these results can be applied to children from othercultural origins. As such, the authors suggest for future studies tofocus on different cultural groups.
Thecurrent article by Kao et al. is a well written research articlewhich follows the standard requirements for a good research. Thearticle uses quantitative knowledge to bring out understanding of apsychological issue. Despite a few limitations, the study is a greatsuccess and useful for scholars and professionals in the field ofpsychology.
Kao,Y. C., Kramer, J. M., Liljenquist, K., & Coster, W. J. (2015).Association between impairment, function, and daily life taskmanagement in children and adolescents with autism. DevelopmentalMedicine & Child Neurology,57(1),68-74.
TabachnickBG, Fidell LS. (2007). UsingMultivariate Statistics.5th edn. New York: Pearson Education, Inc.
Wilkinson,L. (1999). Statistical methods in psychology journals: Guidelines andexplanations. Americanpsychologist,54(8),594.
Witwer,A. N., & Lecavalier, L. (2007). Autism screening tools: anevaluation of the social communication questionnaire and thedevelopmental behavior checklist–autism screening algorithm.Journalof Intellectual and Developmental Disability,32(3),179-187.