Buildingon what we know: Cognitive Processing


Thearticle, Buildingon what we know: Cognitive Processing,demystifies the processes of the human brain using technology to showthe function of every part of the brain. According to the article,the basis of the functioning of the human brain is the physicalstructure of the brain. The structure of the brain is affected byexperiences depending on the amount of information that one receivesor the experiences that one goes through in life. The article assertsthat human beings make sense of the world through external stimuli orexperiences in the environment, which trigger the generation ofsynapses in the brain. Similarly, the processing of information byindividuals is different because people learn via different pathways.As such, this poses challenges to teachers because they are requiredto disseminate information through different ways to accommodate thelearning style of every student.

Besides,learning difficulties are said to arise in the course of informationprocessing in the brain, and learning incapacities take differentforms. This is true because different people especially learnersprocess information in different ways. For example, as one reads atext, some elements of the content are triggered in the brain, whileothers are disabled depending on one’s level of consciousness. Thisresults in variations in the levels of understanding from one learnerto another.

Thearticle notes that ideas and facts must be held in the brain forlearning to take place. Cognitive theorists have categorized thisstorage of information into temporary and long-term memory. Thetemporary or working memory holds small bits of information that iseasily retrievable, unlike the long-term memory, which can holdunlimited amounts of information for an unlimited duration. Moreover,the information is held in different forms depending on the structureand capacity of one’s brain.

Therefore,the claims described in the article regarding the structure of thebrain and its effect on the ability of people to take-in, organizeand remember information are true. Individuals display distinctlearning capabilities depending on the environment, especially thatwhich one has been raised. As such, cognitive processing is a vitalarea that the teaching professionals should be well informed about tounderstand the different abilities and needs of their students to beable to accommodate all in the learning process.


Austin,K., &amp Darling-Hammond, L. (2005). Buildingon what we know: Cognitive Processing.Stanford University.