Communitypolicing is the collaboration between the community and police thatpinpoints out social problems and helps in solving them. In thesociety today, the problem of insecurity is not only an issue of thepolice, but also the community. Thus, members of the community havebecome actively involved in ensuring that they have quality and safeneighborhoods. This was necessitated by the need to increasecommunity confidence in the police and decrease the fear of crimeduring the Clinton era (MacDonald,2002).Traditionally, it was the police who had the sole responsibility ofensuring that communities were secure through responding to 911 calls(MacDonald, 2002).But today, the main goal of community policing is concerned withestablishing an orderly safe community by actively involving itsmembers. This is ensured through various meetings with policeofficers and some members of the community. In these meetings, themembers of society give their views to the police and show theircommitment to ensure order while police on the other hand provideresources and training. Also, the community has gone an extra mile tohave “know your neighbor” initiative, which allows members of theneighborhood to be sensitive and vigilant against strangers andsuspicious people.
Therelationship between police and members of a community is founded onunderstanding, patience and trust for a mutual benefit of the people,which is very substantial in cementing the rule of law. This in turnhas led to the development of a society that sees police as friendsand not enemies as people realize that the protection agencies havebeen put in place for their interest. As a result, they will be morethan willing to assist the police in apprehending criminals andcracking gangs. Consequently, as a community, we will deter and bringdown criminal activities and at the end of the day we will have asafe neighborhood(Kappeler & Gaines, 2012).On the other hand, the use of excessive force by police in handlingpeople whether criminals or not, have a negative impact on thesociety. Though they are not that quite often, they bring distrustbetween the community and protective agencies and as a result, itbecomes easier for criminal and gangs to thrive due to weakenedcommunity policing (Kappeler& Gaines, 2012).Also, most of the apprehension turns out to be court cases which arewon by the victims. Thus, the police end up being painted as inhumanein the society.
Since9/11, we have taken social security responsibility serious, and wecan agree that as a nation we have had less broad spectrum insecurityissues. This has been as a result of collaborative efforts of oursecurity agencies and society, both within and outsideourborders. We have fostered patriotism in our citizens, and we didn’tleave the issues of security to the police, FBI, homeland securityagents, the CIA, private security contractors or military because weappreciate the fact that despite having the greatest security forceand technology on earth, we can do little without the loyalty ofcitizens. Most security issues experienced internationally arecarried by people who were once a citizen of those countries but withtime were radicalized (Kappeler& Gaines, 2012).TheUnited States’ Constitution is by far the most democratic supremelaw of the land that gives people incredible liberties than any otherin the world today(Dēmētrakopoulos, 2007).For instance, before being arrested, the police should have thewarrant to do so irrespective whether they have uncontested evidence,the same applies when searching any building. Also, the police shouldread the Miranda clauses, which bring to attention the rights thearrested can exploit such are right to an attorney, not toself-incriminate and others (Dēmētrakopoulos,2007). Moreover, before the criminal is convicted, there must be areasonable proof beyond doubt. When you examine Russia, China, someAfrican and Middle East countries,you will realize that lessis left to be exploited by the suspected criminal and the idea ofinnocent until proven guilty is not in practice as it is in the USA.
Thebest way to deal with the issue of security and order in a communityis through fostering loyalty and trust between the society andsecurity agencies(Morabito, 2008).This can be achieved through the exchange, benchmark and trainingprograms arrangements. Also, the installations of CCTV surveillanceand security awareness campaigns have proven to be helpful. Theseopportunities will give a platform to the members of society wherethey can interact with the police at an even play field and they candeliberate on the issues that affect them without people holding back(Morabito,2008).The installation of CCTV surveillance reduces crime as theperpetrators feel that they are being watched thus it minimizes suchactivities. Through security awareness campaign, the securityagencies appeal to people’s emotion and social responsibility to becaring and work collectively towards the eradication of criminalsociety and establishing an orderly community (2008).Furthermore, employing people in the police service or securityagency from the local community can have a positive impact onbuilding trust in the police force, so long as those peopleincorporated are of high moral character. Thus, in the long run, ifthese policies are implemented or utilized, they can go a great wayin establishing an orderly society.
Dēmētrakopoulos, I.(2007). Individualrights and liberties under the U.S. Constitution: The case law of theU.S. Supreme Court.Boston, MA: M. Nijhoff.
Kappeler, V. E.,& Gaines, L. K. (2012). CommunityPolicing: A Contemporary Perspective(6th ed.).Burlington: Elsevier Science.
MacDonald, J. M.(2002). The effectiveness of community policing in reducing urbanviolence.Journalof Crime and Deliquency, 48(4),592-618. doi:10.1177/00111280223713
Morabito, M. S.(2008). Understanding community policing as an innovation: Patternsof adoption. Crimeand Delinquency, 56,564-587. doi:10.1177/0011128707311643