Comparisonbetween Worldviews from a Christian View and how they differ fromothers
Comparisonbetween Worldviews from a Christian View and how they Differ fromOthers
Peoplehave different perspectives about religion and world issues. Theunderlying assumptions about reality which lie behind the beliefs andbehavior of a culture are sometimes called a worldview (Nystrom, &Starbuck, 2015). Christianity has articulated some of thephilosophies developed and rejected others seeming that belittle thefaith. Apostle Paul, however in Colossians gave intellectual adviceto his readers for rejecting the philosophy of the day. Christianitysince time immemorial has faced a lot of opposition, and James Orrwrote a century ago on how Christianity must be defended as a whole,not by denominations or the various doctrines (Nystrom, &Starbuck, 2015).
Aworld view strives to answer why things happen with supportingevidence. It possesses a rational nature, to explain certainscenarios in life, for instance, the life death and resurrection ofJesus Christ. A worldview also relates to human experience by tryingto explain ontological issues regarding the existence and answerspeople’s deepest longings and aspirations. There are four majorworldviews deism, nihilism, existentialism, and postmodernism. Thereare relations and difference of opinions compared to Christianity asfollows.
Deismis the era which passed between the 17th and 18th centuries alsoknown as the enlightened period. There was significant agrarianrevolution due to technological advancements during this time whenthe western countries had established powerful civilizations, andthere were changes on how people viewed the world. The inception ofChristian humanism also occurred during this time, developed in theChristian church. God was acknowledged during the better part of thisera although some had a belief that He had forsaken his flock leavingman to be the judge of all what was thought to be true. Adherence toGod’s providential care over the world was forgotten
Somefactors were articulated to form this time frame, firstly, sciencehad been explored by famous physicists and alchemists of the timewhere Newtonian physics had been adopted as the sole explanatoryreason of various world issues. This lead to the abandonment ofbeliefs of a supernatural being. People of this different age weresatiated by philosophies of scientists who proved many occurrences tohave a rational reason behind them. Another factor influencing deismis prior centuries has seen religious wars which left a souringeffect on people’s mindset on organized religion. Christianity wasseen to be provincial and not universal because of the rise ofawareness of other faiths and beliefs.
Deism’sdescription is the idea that natural religion pertains all that istrue in Christianity. Reason being taken as the key to being able toknow and understand God and His will on earth. According to theNewtonian view of cosmos, there was a demand for a God, who wasbrought out in that article as an intelligent designer, asupernatural creature uncommon to the man at the time. However, God’simmanence was considered too high to mingle in trial human beings’day to day activities. Deists saw there was no divine purpose on thedetails of people’s lives.
Therewere few similarities between the Christian view and deism. The onlyagreement was that there was a belief of a mysterious power whichcould not be comprehended even though scientists had tried to developa thesis on God. God was considered to be greater than man seeingfrom the Newtonian view of the cosmos proof that both deists andChristians could not fully understand God’s complicated nature.Even though biblical manifestations were adamant during this age,there was respect given to God.
Contrastswith Christianity can be seen through three major factors. First, indeism God was separated from the partaking in human life due to histranscendence. Science had clouded minds of physicists who consideredtheir reason as the ultimate explanation of how the world waspresented (Trommsdorff, 2012). The scripture contradicts with thatfact, and Apostle Paul wrote that God’s manifestation in the worldare untimely as he is regularly involved in his creation hiscontinuous relation to humanity and his sustenance of the naturalorder. Scientists based their faith of actual and factual thingswhich brought adverse drifting away from biblical teachings(Trommsdorff, 2012).
Secondly,deists viewed man as a just but a part of the many in the universeoperating under strict laws. The natural law seen earlier wasdeveloped in this era to substantiate this theory of the explanationof everything that seems to be true. Christianity however, could notcondone this notion because in the book of Genesis man is seen as thevital creation where God made him in His image free from sins andtribulation of the world. Even though the man had had manyshortcomings, there was human interaction with God for instance sin,grace and judgment concerns facing man at the time. In theenlightenment era, people could certify themselves off in being incharge. It was not the case because God’s graceful nature and Hispatience could not let the man be truly free but was a valuable assetin the natural system of cause and effect.
Deists’limitation was empirical knowledge which was the only one familiar tothem knowledge obtained from nature was unable to present the wholepicture in the sense that some of the things God shares directly topeople with no relation to life. Deists could just relatepresupposing things about God learned from revelation withoutascertaining when it was due for a miracle to appear. WhereasChristianity believes in mighty works of God in the salvation broughtby Jesus Christ in the world. Faith in God helped Christians livingin this time to persevere the persecutions and had no doubt of Himrevealing to them in the scriptures just as He did on many occasionsin the Bible (Trommsdorff, 2012).
Deismemphasized on naturalism where God was forgotten in man’s life.Hence there were theorems deeply supporting naturalism which broughtin the nihilism age.
Nihilismwas an extensive deism era as the modern man had lost all practicalvalue of God there was utterly no supernatural order. A man with thenaturalistic personality tended to be confident with his prospects ofself-developing and prospering with no assistance from God (Harrison,2015). People were free as this worldview presents, to make ofthemselves whatever they saw fit. Naturalism, however, had itssetbacks as it brought in emptiness in people’s hearts and mindsand certain vital questions were being raised at the time, forexample, are humans just a stage in the evolutionary sequence? Is thepresent reality the epitome of human existence? The world was dawningto a dark age.
FriedrichNietzsche, a philosopher in the 19th century, proposed that God wasdead and in His death high values based on Him were forgotten.Friedrich also recognized freedom lost just carnal minds and enhancedincite that people were a determined part of a universe (Harrison,2015). Nihilism rose because of social and political elements in the19th century, where people had decided one was not inclined to haveconfidence in any supernatural order rather adopt a pragmatism thatis workable and sufficient. Nihilism can be described as a valuejudgment that is conceivable in any logical series.
Thistype of philosophy contradicts heavily with Christian teachings. Thusthere are no similarities due to the blasphemous nature of the worldview. God being presented as a powerless living being with a lifespan was unacceptable to Christians living in this era. Nihilismcontrasts with Christian views as it is trying to explain God’sinactivity in providing a structure for value and meaning. Thefundamental basis of atheism that explains humans as being stuck toan untimely evolutionary development is out of accord with Christianteachings as people serve a greater purpose on earth, their lifecontribution, good deeds are attributed to serving God and doing asHe commands. Nihilism has its internal weakness due to beingnaturalistic in nature, therefore, presenting people deficient offreedom. The natural order incorporated operates either by chance oron a causal basis, but Christian view is that people are livingduring the grace period hence they are limitless freedom to choosewhat they want but bear in mind all their words and actions will beheld into account during judgment (Harrison, 2015).
Nihilistssay there is minimal meaning to anything although they try to explaincertain aspects of life which to Christians see the opinion to becontroversial. Dada for instance in a nihilistic art that tries tosay something and is believed to have a meaning, this goes againstall what is considered to the core characteristics of this worldviewthereby being rejected by the Christian church. Nihilisticphilosophies are about meaninglessness are intended to support howthe world operated, but still, nihilists say there is no knowledge inthe world which is ironical as nihilists would not be able tounderstand God’s divine knowledge and His works on earth (Harrison,2015).
Existentialismis a worldview that emphasizes on peoples’ choices determining whatthey are. Existentialists hence try to create their meaning in theirlikeness in a meaningless world (Chambers et al., 2012). Two of thepast world views had left man cut off from God autonomy was adoptedby the modernistic man. In the 20th century due to technologicaladvances in armaments there were two devastating world wars whichpushed a man far away from God’s shadow and was believed to belonely. Despair was the stimulating cause of the birth ofexistentialism. The world was seen to be indifferent, broken anddislocated. This philosophy despised any solutions coming fromnations, traditions or even reason. Existentialists saw that ordinarymeans of happiness ruined people, for example, fame, physicalpleasure or money were useless to them.
Thisworldview presented man as a lone creature in a scary universe fullof turmoil. People did not understand where they came from and whattheir destiny was on earth they argued if they did not decide anyonewould care to make that decision for them. This period was marked byanguished souls yearning for a higher purpose. The people of this agehad lost all of their confidence in the universe’s place in suitingtheir ideas and desires. Everyone strived to be unique by being trueto themselves, and their values were considered to be precious aboveall (Chambers et al., 2012).
Thisphilosophy is, therefore, a theory of value it concentrates on thehuman aspect and the conditions that make a good life. The opinionwas quite prominent in the 60s as people had articulated the fact offorgoing traditions and vital conventions I the name of choosing andmaking their destiny. Existentialism is an experiential philosophydue to the over-emphasis of experience for any reason when partakingin any matter in life. A movie, Pleasantville clearly explains thistheory which it features two young people introduced to the word ofPleasantville their lives rejuvenate to color when they commenceexpressing their sexuality. The lady decides on her own as thephilosophy depicts to study hard in academics. The notion therebypresented in this opinion one being in charge of his/her existence isbrought to light apparently.
Thereare a few similarities between Christian views and existentialism ifany, one being as the predecessor of the two past world views, thereis a slight acknowledgment of an existence of God even though peoplehave abandoned Him. Man of this age was able to make confidentdecisions about his future as it is intended by God, therefore,practicing some of the God given abilities.
Contrastswith Christianity has been especially the atheistic existentialistswhere they refuse to acknowledge Man’s origin and just considerpeople were part and parcel of the universe (Chambers et al., 2012).The Bible, on the other hand, justifies human beings’ origin.During creation there a detailed description of the steps God took torealize all his creation, man being the most important of all becauseof the granted trait of reason to know what was right or wrong.Existentialism presents the universe as being vast and a wastelandwhich is controversial with the Scriptures as God remarked after allhe had created and said it was beautiful before His eyes (Golomb,2012). God saw the universe as an excellent setting where he couldwork out his plans for which man was the key component in them.
Freedomalso was contradictory between biblical teaching and existentialists’point of view where a man had absolute freedom to do as he wishes andwhat he desired to endeavor, but this was not the case as Godrequired of man to involve him in man’s plans for a decent future.Through God’s provision of resources, a man might be able to lead aproductive and meaningful life but cannot achieve anything on hisown. Existentialism had preached about of the consideration of somevalues to be important while others to be despised for instancestandards of right and wrong were issued less relevant in this era.Christian views on this matter, however, is the opposite because goodand evil is the core alternatives a person might decide to choose onbut God invites people to His good will thereby forsaking priorworldly deeds (Chambers et al., 2012).
Jean-FrançoisLyotard wrote a report to the council of the Quebec’s universitiesin the 1970s. It was published and considered a postmodern basis.Postmodernism was seen more of a condition than a philosophy, sdistinct difference between the other prior worldviews. It was areaction against the past rational naturalism. Postmodernism occurredbetween the late 19th and the end of the 20th centuriespostmodernism was just but a mood where it was seen people especiallyscholars were doing away with the enlightenment mindset and coming upwith a new one. Postmodernists believed that there was a lost piecewhen knowledge was reduced to computations as was done in theprevious eras especially deism during the inception of modern science(Eagleton, 2013).
Factorsthat lead to the introduction of this world view are varied. Some ofthem could be attributed to the failing of the previous views such asscience innovations and physics led man to think there is a rationalexplanation of every major difficulty in life. For instance, naturaldisasters had a minimal explanation of why they happened and thedevastating aftermath (Eagleton, 2013). The world wars, 2nd World Warmade man realize he was unable to fix all that happened throughreason. Another factor being, mysteries unveiled through scienceundermined what was hold as the truth. Postmodernists stray from thesimple understanding of truth which was the corresponding assertionswith external evidence in the world. Pragmatism was hence adoptedwhere workability of a situation is the only thing to be hoped for.
Inthe enlightenment era, reason was secularized thus pessimism wasgrowing about the future. Philosophers of the era had no transcendentbecause nobody knew where the world was deeming to. Postmodernismurged the belief of what was chosen to be right to people in anattempt to attain some guidance of their destiny. Postmodernism cameup with a mindset of understanding language. The language was termedas being socially developed it conveyed what a group wanted. Thearchitecture was articulated in postmodernism with the turn of eventsof appreciating not only the future but past events. This era saw therefurbishing of the old historic building in the western countries(Eagleton, 2013).
Someof the postmodern beliefs have been incorporated in Christian viewsabout truth matters (Eagleton, 2013). This way of thinking whereChristians believe what the Bible teaches them but it is notnecessarily for other people to think it is the truth. Well, it moreChristianity extends this freedom of one has the right to pertainshimself /herself with their true values in life just as postmodernscholars developed the thesis.
Thereare contrasting attributes of postmodernism and Christianity eventhough Christians can learn a thing or two from postmodernists.Ultimate reality has been revealed to Christians by God in His willand through the Bible Christians familiarize themselves with thetruth. There also a controversial issue on where people are headingto and their origin just like the other three prior worldviews,postmodernists had turned to an appreciative essence of the pastwhere old buildings were restored and considered monuments. InChristianity, people anchor their past to God as He is the ultimatedefiner of their past, in the scriptures, many scenarios are quotingthe life after death after rapture Christians believe they willattain eternity in paradise. There is a basis for judgment inChristianity following all what has been revealed in the book ofrevelation.
Thereare internal problems associated with this worldview, understandingof people by style rather than substantial evidence keeping postmodernistic traits of its relation to the universal facts of truthand morality is impossible (Eagleton, 2013). Also, it is hard todifferentiate between fact and value where one aspect must beconsidered at the expense of the other. Postmodernism forces peopleto leave certain cultures that stabilize them as they were once ofvalue. Cultural groups do not possess the ultimate truth due to thepragmatic nature of the setting hence there in instability in theteam too (Eagleton, 2013).
Inthe recent years, Christian thinkers have tried to fill in the gapleft by the world views. For now divine order has been introduced tothe world as it were and Christians have a way of announcing the goodnews in the hope for a future for all humanity.
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