CriminalJustice Related Issue

CriminalJustice Related Issue

Overview

Thearticle by Harris and Lurigio entitled, &quotIntroductionto Special Issue on Sex Offenses and Offenders,&quotintroduces a particular matter concerning criminal justice andbehavior. By providing well-researched evidence, the articleattempts to evaluate the significance of sex offense management topublic safety. The authors evaluate other written studies concerningthe issue to develop a broader understanding of the problem (Harris &ampLurigio, 2010). They argue that comprehensive public policies andeffective practices are more likely to improve public safetyconcerning sex offense. The authors describe a number of studies thathave handled the issue of sex offenders and position these studiesinto a wider policy framework. In their conclusion, Harris &ampLurigio (2010) put forward a passionate call to the policy makers toexpand the place of proof in the process of formulating sex offenderlegislation.

Descriptionof the Research Problem

Sincethe beginning of the society, the desire for law and order has beenfacilitated by the establishment of state rules and policies. In therecent past, the issue of a sex offense has been addressed by aseries of enacted state laws and policies. The risk of sex offendersin the society has traumatized people, making the legislation ofsexual offenders form one of the agendas of interest in the modernsociety (CDC, 2016). The society has only been able to improve theability of professionals to address sex offender’s supervision andtreatment. However, research has shown that there are loopholes inthe implementation of the enacted public policies and practices(Schmucker&amp Losel, 2015).In their article, Harris &amp Lurigio (2010) argue that while thelegislative activity by the Congress, accompanied by knowledge fromresearch has improved the ability of the professionals to assess riskand offer efficient treatment as well as supervision, studiesindicate that the effects of the enacted policies are scanty. Therefore, this indicates that there are significant gaps presentbetween the dominant public policies and the active practices (Meloy&amp Curtis, 2013).

Thearticle attempts to identify the gaps that are present betweensocietal policies and practices and how they are implemented. Thestudy will help develop a better illustration of how to advancesocietal running of sex offenders.

Methodology

Theauthors used the quantitative research method in identifying thewritten literature and evaluating enacted policies regarding sexoffense. Harris and Lurigio (2010) conducted an analysis of thesecondary data based on established federal policies. The evaluationof the adopted federal sex offender policies in this article includedan overview of Jacob Wetterling Crimes against Children Act of 1994followed by analysis of the significance of federal policies inplace. From this point, the authors were able to identify thereasons behind the rise of sex offenses.

Theauthors analyzed statistical data marking sex offense registry indifferent regions. Using this data, Harris and Lurigio (2010) hopedto gain a better perspective on developing a tool that would reducethe risk factor of sex offenses in the society. The articleilluminated on the progressive nature of the adolescent sexualoffense and its relationship to the grown-up crime, as well as theefficiency of targeted sex offender treatment, principally whenmeasured to the risk levels and harmonized with satisfactory control.

Conclusion

Majorityof studies have been propelled by the practitioners’ demandsinstead of policy (Hanson,Helmus, &amp Thornton, 2014).As a result, guidelines for sex offenders usually vary with theexperimental evidence about the risks, reoffending, rehabilitation,as well as supervision (Hanson,Helmus, &amp Harris, 2015).In their study, Harris and Lurigio (2010) concluded that the societyneeded to establish public policies that had sufficient researchbacking. In regards to the evidence provided, it is clear thatpolicymaking has not been based on practice and experience. Rather,sex offense policies have been enacted based on abstract theorizing,which should not be the case. The authors recommended more studies tobe done regarding human behavior and policy formulation. Harris andLurigio (2010) argue that a better understanding of the offender’sbehavior enables the community to formulate effective policies andpractices that will allow public safety.

Theauthors insist on adequate record keeping as well as consistencyregarding research evidence in light of the changing patterns ofoffenders. Ample research provides a better understanding of the waysto approach the issue in the society even in the years to come.

Summary

Understandingthe concept of criminal justice and behavior not only allows thecommunity to understand the reason behind a criminal’s mind butalso assists maintain public safety. However, recent studiesincluding that of Harris and Lurigio (2010) have indicated that theissue of sex offenses is alarming, and its prevalence points to theneed for effective policies. The authors of this article haveaddressed the gaps present in the contemporary sex crime management.Harris and Lurigio (2010) developed a thesis arguing that betterresearch will facilitate better policy making, which will, in turn,enhance public safety. In-depth and up to date research providesevidence that will better active sex offense management. In otherwords, one would argue that the article supports evidence-basedpractices that can direct specialists engaged in assessment,treatment, as well as controlling of sex offenders to address theissue (Gronnerod, Soilevuo, &amp Grondah, 2015).

ReferencesCDC.(2016). Sexualviolence: Consequences.Retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/sexualviolence/consequences.html

Harris,A., &amp Lurigio, A. (2010). Introduction to special issue on sexoffenses and offenders: Toward evidence-based public policy. CriminalJustice and Behavior,37(5),&nbsp477-48.

Gronnerod,C., Soilevuo, J., &amp Grondah, P. (2015). Psychological treatmentof sexual offenders against children: A Meta-Analytic Review ofTreatment Outcome Studies. TraumaViolence Abuse,&nbsp16&nbsp(3),&nbsp280-290.Hanson,R., Helmus, L., &amp Harris, A. (2015). Assessing the risk and needsof supervised sexual offenders: A prospective study usingSTABLE-2007, Static-99R, and Static-2002R. CriminalJustice and Behavior,42(12),&nbsp1205-1224.Hanson,R., Helmus, L., &amp Thornton, D. (2014). High-risk sex offendersmay not be high risk forever. Journalof Interpersonal Violence,29(15),&nbsp2792-2813.Meloy,M., &amp Curtis, K. (2013). The sponsors of sex offender bills speakup: Policy makers’ perceptions of sex offenders, sex crimes, andsex offender legislation. CriminalJustice and Behavior,40(4),&nbsp438-452.

Schmucker,M., &amp Losel, F. (2015). Theeffects of sexual offender treatment on recidivism: An internationalmeta-analysis of sound quality evaluations. Journalof Experimental Criminology, 11(4), 597-630.