Theoretically,numerous frameworks have been put in place to quantify thediscounting of the forthcoming dividends in management accounting.Although in practice there is normally variation in forecasted partsin the models. Attributes of finance are usually linked with securityownership. Precise accuracy in these models leads to clear comparisonof estimates in the, model and price in the market. Weighted averagecost of capital is a key tool in the analysis of market value by theinvestors. It’s normally deployed in management accounting inassessing financial obligations of the firm. Investment decisions aremade based on WACC values. In the paper I discuss the forecastingmodels of weighted average cost of capital.


Minimizingthe WACC

WACCmeasures the linked rate that firm refunds the loaned out capital. Acorporate primarily raises money from obligation and capital ofequity, besides calculating WACC involves totaling the mean charge ofdebt onto the common ownership. Lessening of WACC springs the banquetand invested capital to exploit shareholders cost. A firm can cut itsWACC by reducing debt funding cost, depressing equity cost andrestructuring capital. Cautiousness necessity always overcomeirrespective of process your business deploys to cut (Francis, 2012).It is for the reason that of the rightness of respectively of theseapproaches be subject to completely on the Prevailing capitalarrangement of the business. If it happens that the business by nowpossesses much of the debt, it will not be prudent to deploy onadditional debt in quest of to decrease equity cost. An enormousamount of long-term bonds might be extremely onerous to thecorporation.

Effectof WACC on market value

WACCis usually used by the securities analyst over the past in assessingand making choices on investment decisions. Analyses the rate on theperformance of the ROIC a vital tool when it comes to calculatingthe value added of industrial type. WACC represents a rate ofdiscount as will be applied to the prospective analysis in cash flowto arrive at the net present worth of the business. It is anessential tool in directing investing decisions. It functions as theleast return interest the value of interest rate that a companyoperates. It acts as a reality check on investment decisions(Francis, 2012). WACC links the relationship amid equity debtalongside the cost of capital debt. Proven in past that the fall inrates of interest translated to lowering WACC.


Thefigure of an asset reflected in the balance sheet is usually the bookvalue. The book value is the worthiness of an asset less amortizationcost besides depreciation costs. The cost is lower but in someinstances, it is large as compared to the asset value in cases ofappreciation.

Themarket value defines the current value of an asset that representsits selling price (Lambert, 2012). It`s the price figure that anasset will be traded in the goods market. It represents the valueinvestors think the asset is worth as opposed to the book value thatrepresents the company`s value of assets.


Thevariation between the predicted investment returns and returns inrisk-free rate denotes market risk premium. It`s frequently dictatedby the supply-demand forces. In case the demand shifts positivelythere will be an increase in price as supply shortage will be inplace. The role of the market risk premium is to have direct measureson investment alongside issuance of securities (Lambert, 2012). Takefor instance, if a company need to increase money, market riskpremium has to be established in estimating the capital cost.Investors tend to direct market risk premium by maintaining the willto uncertainty brave regardless of the risk involved.


Inconclusion, the article tries to make the comparison on valueestimates reliability as indicated in the model of discounteddividend. The model of cut in the free flow of cash and finally themodel of abnormal dividend earnings. In the article AE, figures aretaken to the best values since they have significant book value onequity cost as an estimate of the mean number. It also possesses ahigh accuracy and likelihood of abnormal earnings.


Francis,J., (2012). Comparing the precision and explain ability of dividend,free cash flow, and abnormal earnings equity valuation models.

Lambert,R. A., (2012). Information asymmetry, precision, and the cost ofcapital. Review of Finance, 16(1), 1-29.