Varioustheories demonstrate how psychology developed over the years. Indifferent eras, people had different reasoning, usually, intended tochallenge a previous discovery. The patrons of science and philosophyspent lots of time trying to understand the universe. The rise ofcritics to the various innovations made the scientists come up withsolid premises to back their arguments. Psychology evolved from theinteraction of philosophy, science, medicine, and theology. Itdeveloped from the study of natural sciences and epistemology, abranch of philosophy concerned with the progression of knowledge. contributed immensely to the expansion of psychologythrough his scientific discoveries that triggered thinking andcomprehension.

Galileowas a skilled mathematician who believed numbers and algorithms couldbe used to understand the universe (Hergenhahn &amp Henley, 2013).The scientist was obsessed with the beauty of the universe. Heperceived it to be a perfect machine whose functions could beexplained mathematically. He was also in earnest search forknowledge, especially, for unsubstantiated claims made by otherscientists (Hergenhahn &amp Henley, 2013). His initial discoverywas the shape of the earth. He provided a strong argument that theearth was not the center of the universe. Just like the otherplanets, it revolved around the sun. In addition, he also observedthe moon and its physical features. Galileo is credited with thediscovery of the ‘Milky Way’ formed by the stars. Through hisunique abilities, he discovered the law of falling bodies anddesigned the pendulum (Hergenhahn &amp Henley, 2013).

Thereare several similarities between what the text outlines about Galileoand what other authors provide. First, scholars agree that there is adifference between objective and subjective reality as provided byGalileo (Hergenhahn &amp Henley, 2013). Wallace also agrees thatthe objective reasoning is independent on one`s previous experiences(Wallace, 2016). Conversely, the subjective reality is purelypsychological, and it inclines to experiences that one has to thephysical world. The impossibility of science to explain conscious asoutlined by Galileo is another major similarity observed between thetext and other sources (Andrews, 2012). Galileo indicated that thesecondary experiences that compose consciousness could not beunderstood mathematically.

However,contrary to the emphasis put by the author on the discovery ofearth’s rotation by Galileo, it is clear that the scientist onlybuilt on the heliocentric model developed by Copernicus 32 yearsbefore Galileo’s birth (Magnani et al., 2013). By using thetelescope, Galileo idealized the discovery, but he did not conceivethe idea.

Thereare various viewpoints made by the author that are consistent with myunderstanding of psychology. The author provides that human beingsand nature are integral parts of the whole (Hergenhahn &amp Henley,2013). Nature affects the way human beings reason. The changingpatterns in the universe trigger people’s thinking capacity, andthey discover new procedures. Also, the idea that everything can beunderstood scientifically aligns to the fact that psychologicalmodels have been built in some form of behavioral evidence that hasbeen tested empirically.

Inconclusion, Galileo contributed immensely to the development ofthoughts and psychological innovation. His thoughts are founded onthe works of an earlier scientist by looking for credible evidence toback their claims. He redefined the law of falling objects and upheldCopernicus’ heliocentric. His discovery of the clock, the MilkyWay, and emphasis on the rotation of the earth proves that knowledgedevelops with time. Also, the changing nature of the environmenttriggers people’s thinking and creativity. The universe affects thebehavior of human beings.


Andrews,T. (2012). What is social constructivism? Grounded theory review. AnInternational Journal,11(1).

Hergenhahn,B. R., &amp Henley, T. (2013). Anintroduction to the history of psychology.New York, N.Y: Cengage Learning.

Magnani,L., Nersessian, N., &amp Thagard, P. (Eds.). (2012). Model-basedreasoning in scientific discovery.New York, N.Y: Springer Science &amp Business Media.

Wallace,W. A. (2016). Galileoand his Sources. Princeton:Princeton University Press.