GENETICS AND GENOMICS 4
Inpractice, the BSN nurse can incorporate the elements of genomicsduring patients’ assessment, identification, referrals, provisionof patient education support, and care. The assessment process shouldevaluate a patient’s genetic disorder known as the HereditaryHemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT). The disorder affects approximately1 in 5,000 people (Jenkins & Calzone, 2007).
Thedisease identification procedure should utilize standardizedscreening tests. The tests are customized to the patients’ needsthrough an algorithm hence, they are efficient. Besides, the nursesshould tailor the information to match the needs of the sick andexplain particular elements upon the patients’ request (Junglen etal., 2008). The provision of information enables patients to learnmore about their genetics and patients can make more informed healthchoices. The nurses should use the guideline on genetic and genomiccompetencies to develop patient education materials. The mostappropriate education includes information on disease symptoms,inheritance patterns, treatment options, and the AVMS (Badzek et al.,2008).
TheBSN experts should create a sustainable relationship with thepatients. The relationship should aim at identifying the bestapproach to support the victims’ family. Besides, the nurse shoulddiscuss other factors associated with the patients’ health such asfinancial, legal, cultural, and social issues. Consequently, nursesshould provide individualized care and support based on the patients’inheritance patterns, treatment options, as well as signs andsymptoms (Pestka et al., 2008).
Inmy view, pedigrees are essential tools in the application of genomicsas part of the nursing assessment. They clearly highlight the diseaseinheritance patterns in the patients’ families. Nurses should scanthe patients’ pedigrees into an electronic medical database. Theinformation enhances the sharing of such data with other healthcaredepartments. Besides, the use of computer software enables quickconstruction, retrieval, and editing of clinical information. Onenurse can create the family history through a telephone interview.Sharing of information improves the quality of health by easing thediagnosis process (Bayrak-Toydemi et al., 2004).
Badzek,L., Turner, M. & Jenkins, J., (2008). Genomics and nursingpractice: advancing the nursing profession"OJIN. Theonline journal of issues in nursing,13 (1) 1-95
Bayrak-Toydemir,P., Mao, R., Lewin, S. & McDonald, J. (2004). Hereditaryhemorrhagic telangiectasia: an overview of diagnosis and managementin the molecular era for clinicians. Geneticmedicine, 6,175-91.
Jenkins,J. & Calzone, K.A. (2007). Establishing the essential nursingcompetencies for genetics and genomics. Journalof Nursing Scholarship,39, 10-16.
Junglen,L., Pestka, E., Clawson. M. & Fisher, S. (2008). Incorporatinggenetics and genomics into nursing practice: a demonstration"OJIN: The online journal of issues in nursing, 13( 3) 1-88
Pestka,E.L., Meisheid, A. M. & O`Neil, M.L. (2008). Educating nurses ongenomics. Americanjournal of nursing,108(2), 72A-72C.