GIOVANNI BOCCACCIO 3
GiovanniBoccaccio is an Italian writer, poet, and correspondent of Petrarchas well as an important Renaissance humanist in the 14th century(Boccaccio,1982).Although he is known for some notable works such as “TheDecameron”and “OnFamous Women,”his sense of imagination and realistic model makes his writingsextremely unique and appealing. Importantly, it should be noted thatthe writer mostly uses the Italian vernacular to express his thoughtsto the targeted audience. In this particular essay, I focus myattention on the work piece, “TheDecameron” whichbegins with a frame. Although the writer assumes that his readers aremostly women, he can draw attention to the role of language in thesociety. He does this by providing a clear demonstration of howverbal interaction helps to build social understanding. The authoruses tones and themes to bring out the story line of the work “TheDecameron.”
Oneof the fundamental ideas within “TheDecameron”is fate vs. free will. In the article, some young people continue tostruggle between life and death regardless of their conventionalmoral attitude and beliefs. That is, they decide to abandon theplague-infested city where death and suffering were the only way oflife for the Eden of the countryside that offered a peaceful andharmonious society (Boccaccio,1982).Therefore, it can be noted that the need to attain pleasure andpreserve life triggers the writer to explore various aspects of thehuman struggle.
Anothercommon theme in the article “TheDecameron”is gender and sexuality. By assuming that a majority of his readersare women, he centers this particular article on female lust.According to the article, women use their sexual allure to gain powerover men. For example in the section, when Monna Sismonda realizesthat her husband has got knowledge of her affair with her loverRuberto, she has a maidservant to sleep with him. By doing this, sheis not only able to avoid being beaten, but also tricks her brothersinto believing that her husband is unfaithful (Boccaccio,1982).
Inthe article, the writer portrays his characters as sexual creatures.For example, while women were perceived as weak and oppressedindividuals within the society, the report identifies them as peoplewith the ability to overcome their obstacles. The character viewswomen as passive sex objects because they use their sexuality to havetheir way around. On the other hand, he argues that while his malecharacters are physically superior to women, they are foolishly luredinto sexual activities by a woman`s lust. They become increasinglyvulnerable due to their desire for females. For example, in the text,Masetto’s need to satisfy his sexual urge led him to pretend to bedeaf in a bid to employ the abbess to give him a job as a gardener inthe convent. Masetto did this basing on the assumption that he had astronger sexual lust than the nuns in the convent. As a result ofthis, he became the only sexual outlet for the entire populationwithin the convent.
Insummary, this essay has identified and analyzed one of GiovanniBoccaccio’s notable works, “TheDecameron.”Under this, it has identified the major themes used by the writer aswell as the tone and how he portrays his characters.
Boccaccio,G., (1982). The Decameron. Trans. Musa, M., & Bondanella, P., NewYork: Signet Classic.