Obesityis a major condition of public health importance. The sedentarylifestyles many people adopt have increased their susceptibility toailments associated with excess weight. The World HealthOrganization indicates that more than 1.9 billion adults across theglobe are overweight. Thepoor lifestyle that people lead dominated by lack of exercise andhigh intake if calories results in various ailments that healthnurses can address by acting as role models and educating people onhealthy eating.
Accordingto WHO, 39% of individuals aged 18 years and over have excess weightand, out of the population, 13% is corpulent (WHO, 1999). Unlikeother lifestyle ailments, obesity affects people of all ages. WHO(1999) further provides that more than 41 million people aged belowfive years are grossly fat. The enormous bodies result from excessintake of calories and lack of physical exercise(Wexford Health Sources and Incorporated, 2016).
HealthConsequences of Obesity
Stoutnesshas various health risks that have contributed to the increasedburden across the globe. About 2.8 million adults succumb toconditions associated with excessive weight (Healthy People 2020).Furthermore, 44% of the patients suffering from diabetes are obese(Flegal et al., 2010).When people gain weight, the hormones that regulate body sugarbecomes ineffective.In addition, 23 % of stroke and 41% of ischemic heart disease areattributable to obesity (WHO, 1999).
Potentialimpacts of obesity in the body
Obesityaffects the digestive system, bones, muscles, kidney, lungs, heart,and the production of hormones that regulate blood sugar. Thecondition is a primary cause of acid reflux and stress on the bonesespecially in young children. Also, it puts pressure on the nephronmaking them to wear out due to the increased urinary proteinexcretion. The stress on the nephron makes the kidneys ineffective.The re-absorption of protein and water that takes place in the kidneyis lowered.Fatdeposits in the abdomen lower the functioning of the heart and lungs.In addition, the high levels of glucose in the body strains theproduction of sugar-regulating hormones leading to diabetes.
Roleof Community Health Nurse in Countering Obesity
Communityhealth nurses can use different approaches to counter the effects ofobesity. They can educate their families, patients, friends, andgroups on the causes and effects of rotundness (WHO, 1999).
Solutionto the problem
Thesustainable solution lies in implementing preventative strategiesincluding the consumption of healthy foods, encouraging physicalactivities, and creating awareness on its effects (Enggist et al.,2014).
Inconclusion, obesity affects millions of people across the globe. Itis a major public health concern with a sizeable burden. WHOassociates the disease to high intake of calories and lack ofphysical exercise. About 1.9 individuals across the world are obese.The condition is a major cause of diabetes, kidney and heart failureand ineffectiveness of the lungs. Nurses can also have a crucial rolein educating patients and acting as their role models. Individualscan check their weight by consuming whole foods and integratingphysical exercises in their daily activities.
Enggist,S., Mellers, L., Galea, G., & Udesen, C. (2014). Prisonsand Health. UnitedNations Office on dug and Crime. 1-207.
Flegal,K.M, Carroll, M.D & Ogden, C.L. (2010).Prevalence and trends inobesity among US adults.JAMA.20(303): 235-41.
HealthPeople 2020. (2016).Nutrition and weight statusretrieved fromhttps://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/nutrition-and-weight-status.Retrieved on May 29, 2016
WexfordHealth Sources and Incorporated. (2016).http://svrephrweb01.dpscs.ad.icj.mdstate/Citrix/XenApp/Retrieved on June 11, 2016
WorldHealth Organization (WHO). (1999). Obesity:Preventing and managing the global epidemic.Geneva: WHO