Howand Why Slavery Varied In the Different Regions of the New World

Howand Why Slavery Varied In the Different Regions of the New World

Between1500 and 1900 around 10 and 16 million Africans were captured andforcibly transported across the Atlantic to work as slaves in the newworld (Falola &amp Afolabi, 2007). As the 18thcentury commenced, black slaves could be located in every new worldregion under the European colonization from Buenos Aires to NovaScotia among others. Slaves could be located in the Caribbean, LatinAmerican and in high concentration in the England southern colonies. In these areas, the slaves were required to work in mines, rice,sugar, cotton, and tobacco plantations, as well as in commercialfarms and northern seaports.

Inthe Chesapeake colonies of Virginian and Maryland, black slaves weredeprived of their rights, freedoms, and privileges. Many slaves werewidely employed in agricultural fields to raise crops such as corn,rice, tobacco, and other grains. Others were utilized in ironworking,shipbuilding, and in different early industries. In areas likeGeorgia and South Carolina slaves worked under the task system toraise indigo and rice and they were allowed to keep their ownlivestock and gardens (Falola &amp Afolabi, 2007).

Moreover,in the North slaves were highly concentrated in agriculturalproduction in regions such as New Jersey, southern Rhode Island andLong Island. The north was among the first regions to view slavery asposing an excruciating threat to free work and civil freedoms. In theWest Indies or Caribbean areas, slaves were involved in livestockrearing, farming, and also worked as household servants for themetropolitan elite (Falola &amp Afolabi, 2007). However, slaves inthese regions were required to generate their own food in their freetime and look after the elderly and the unwell, resulting in highersuicide rates. In Latin America, slaves had greater access tofreedom, as the Catholic Church allowed them the right to marry,purchase freedom, and seek relief from vindictive masters. Manymasters in Latin America usually released slaves that were crippled,elderly, sick, and those they deemed unneeded in order to alleviatethemselves of financial responsibilities (Falola &amp Afolabi,2007).

Interms of demographic slavery in Latin America encompassed manypopulations when compared to the South. However, in regions such asthe Caribbean and Brazil female slave populations were lower. Evenbirth, mortality, reproduction, and death rates were different in thevarious New World regions. Therefore, these areas were different interms of the conditions that slaves were exposed to and theactivities performed.


Falola,T., &amp Afolabi, N. (Eds.). (2007). Africanminorities in the new world.New York: Routledge.