NursingProcess and Strategic Planning
Thecontemporary health sector, particularly nursing, has incorporated agoal-oriented process which is similar to the traditional strategicplanning process. Nurses use informatics as a tool and resource forachieving the related objectives. Information has become a centralaspect of goal attainment in the medical sector. Therefore, it isimperative for nurses to understand how to manage informationeffectively to achieve the desired results. The use of information isan indication of the fact that the nursing process is analogous tostrategic planning. Therefore, the focus of this paper is to compareNursing Process to Strategic Planning Process within the context ofthe roles of nurses.
Strategicplanning process and the nursing process are both goal-oriented(Hebda & Czar, 2013). The strategic planning process can beperceived within the context of management tool because it helpsorganizations set objectives, focus resources towards the attainmentof the set goals, establish assessment procedures and performanceindices, and evaluate the entire process to ensure that theorganization is headed towards the right direction. It brings peopletogether for a common cause. When compared to one another, nursingprocess is similar to strategic process because it also aims atproviding quality care to patients (Sare & Ogilvie, 2010).Therefore, it can also be perceived as a tool for managing theactivities and contributions of nurses to ensure that they culminateat providing quality care to patients.
Strategicplanning process and the nursing process are both goal-oriented andalso employ similar steps towards attaining objectives. For instance,the steps taken in the strategic planning process to achieve theintended goal includes the assessment of current organizationalinternal and external environment, formation of a strategy formeeting the stated goal, implementation of the plan, and evaluationof the process to determine whether the objective and goals wereachieved. Nursing process entails steps such as the assessment ofpatients` medical condition and other information, diagnosis of thepatients` situations, planning for outcomes, implementation of thetreatment and care strategy, and evaluation of the process andresults to determine whether the goals and objectives of thetreatment process were achieved (Hebda & Czar, 2013). From thisanalysis, it is apparent that both strategic planning and nursingprocess begins from identification of a particular problem, thenformulating a strategy that will be relevant towards solving theproblem.
Moreover, both strategic planning process and nursing process entailsa team of people. Strategic planning requires a team of individualssince organizations are systems with various departments. Eachdepartment must be represented because their activities will affectthe outcome of the plan (Marriner, 2012). Correspondingly, treatmentprocess requires a team of medical professionals to ensure that thedecisions made are right considering the condition of the patients.In other words, both methods aim at facilitating teamwork, andfocusing the energy of workers towards the attainment of specificgoals and objectives within respective organizations.
The main difference between strategic planning and nursing process isthat strategic planning is broad while the nursing process isspecific. Strategic planning can be applied at any organizationallevel. It can also be implemented to achieve any organizationalobjective. On the other hand, nursing process is specifically forensuring that the nursing services delivered to patients are of highquality (Hebda & Czar, 2013). Another difference is thatstrategic planning is a tool, which can be applied whenever anorganization needs to achieve a particular objective. On the otherhand, nursing process is an inherent element of the larger medicalhealth process. Furthermore, the nursing process was designed toguide the activities of nurses towards delivering high-qualityhealthcare services to patients. Therefore, strategic planningincludes everyone within a given organization because they have apart to play in the process of attaining organizational goals andobjectives.
The American Nurses Association is cognizant of the fact thatutilization of informatics is a specialty. They also recognize thatinformatics can be used as a tool and resource to achieve the relatedobjectives of the nursing process. Information is essential in thenursing process since the entire process begins with an accuratecollection of information to be used for diagnosis and treatment ofpatients` conditions. Thus, the most significant role of nurses is togather correctly, store, and retrieve information in ways that wouldfacilitate the delivery of high-quality services to patients. Nurseshave the obligation of collaboratively planning for nursing processesand ensuring that the related goals and objectives are achieved usinginformatics.
This paper has compared nursing process to strategic planningprocess. It has determined that the two management tools sharesignificant elements, and differ in some areas. For instance, bothprocesses are goal-oriented and rely on various steps to achieve theobjectives. On the other hand, they differ when it comes toapplication. The nursing process has a specific goal, while strategicplanning can be modeled to suit any target. The paper has alsodiscussed that the role of nurses in both processes involvesplanning. It also established that nurses could use informaticsefficiently to achieve the related objectives of the nursing processand strategic planning.
Hebda,T., & Czar, P. (2013). Handbookof informatics for nurses & healthcare professionals.Boston: Pearson.
Marriner-Tomey,A. (2012). Guideto nursing management and leadership.St. Louis, Mo: Mosby Elsevier.
Sare,M. V., & Ogilvie, L. A. (2010). Strategicplanning for nurses: Change management in health care.Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.