Obesityin College Students

Obesityin College Students

ResearchDesign

Thisstudy will entail the collection of data from study participants whowill be selected from the college of interest. Since the researchinvolves identification of the prevalence, the design will have toincorporate quantitative aspects. This strategy will be appliedbecause the measurements that are done will include determining theBMI of the students followed by other anthropometric measurementssuch as socio-economic variables and health risk behavior. Trainedresearch assistants are the people responsible for the collection ofdata and performing the relevant measurements.

Researchpurpose

Currently,there are rising cases of overweight and obesity in various parts ofthe world. Apparently, the number has been increasing, especially incolleges and universities. There is an increased intake of caloriesby the youth coupled with the acceptance of a sedentary lifestyle.Weight gain has detrimental effects to students, which may be bothphysical and emotional as they develop into adulthood. College lifeexposes the young people to unhealthy foods as well as alcohol abuseand other poor nutritional habits. Similarly, physical inactivity isassociated with a lack of recreational facilities, poor timemanagement, inclement weather and increased time for studies. Thereis, therefore, the need to identify the prevalence of this healthrelated state in the educational facilities. This discovery willfacilitate the development of recommendations that will work onimproving the health status of the learners. Also, the results willinform the institutions and individuals on their health status aswell as adverse impacts of the disorder. Decisions can be made basedon the findings at a personal level and policies by theadministration to improve the well-being of students.

ResearchProblem

Thereis an association between college life and obesity. Apparently, theincrease in weight gain is likely to take place during the periodthat students are in the educational institutions. In the earliertimes, the cause of obesity was more inclined towards excess energyconsumption and reduced physical activity. Still, other additionalfactors have been discovered that lead to weight gain. These causesare self-efficacy, stress, and the mood. Students in college have notput healthy habits and dietary habits as priorities in their lives.Apparently, 9 out of 10 university and college students consume fewerthan five servings of vegetables and nutritious foods and fruits in aday. Similarly, an average of 6 out of 10 students do not participatein consistent physical activity. Most of the time, the learners maybe unaware of their condition and the risks that they are exposed towhen they are obese. Also, the institution itself might be ignorantof the health status of their students. Due to this lack ofknowledge, the situation may become worse with time and increase thechances of developing other diseases which are related to obesity.There is a need to identify the number of students who have thiscondition and ultimately determine the overall health status of thestudent community.

Methodology

Thestudy will be done based on the total student population in thecollege and sample selection will involve a stratified random sampleprocedure. Data collection tools will be developed and translated forthe purpose of catering to international students who may not beconversant with the English language. The questionnaires will befilled by the selected participants followed by an evaluation todetermine if they conform to the stipulated conditions. What followsthen is the signing of the consent which explains the purpose,expectation, risks, and benefits and it acknowledges the voluntaryagreement to participate. After this part is complete, theparticipants who conform to the criteria will subsequently be exposedto the anthropometric tests which include measurement of height andweight and other relevant demographic data such as age, sex, and thesocio-economic status.

Population

Thereare 2,000 students in the college based on the records obtained fromthe students’ records in the administrator’s office. Thiscommunity will guide in the selection process regarding gender andthe course of study or the department in which the individuallearners fall in. To reach the students, contacts from the admissionsoffice will be used. Also, the sample size must be chosen well toensure that it is representative of the entire population.

Sampleselection

Anappropriate model will be acquired from the 2,000 students’ societyin the college. At 99% confidence interval, the sample size will be570. The number will then be allocated in a way that ensures theselection of 285 male and 285 female students from the college. Theequal numbers of the sexes in the sample sizes will later inform onthe rates of obesity based on gender. Similarly, all the facultiesand schools will be represented in the sample size. Likewise, thefaculty representation might provide more insight on the obesitylevels based on the course of study. The selection criteria will bebuilt on the registration of the student, should not be pregnant ordelivered in the recent past, and should never have been diagnosedwith HIV. This criterion is followed because these features mighthave an effect on the anthropometric measurements and lead to biases.

References

Walters, L. B. (2009). A Descriptive Study Of The Diet And Physical Activity Practices of Overweight and Obese College Students Enrolled in a Weight Loss Program. Lexington: University of Kentucky.