PartyPolitics in America
TheAmerican political environment is dominated by two major parties.Presidential candidates are either Democrats or Republicans. The twoparties have varied opinions on various issues affecting the Americansociety, including, security, foreign relationships, federalregulations, and the process of achieving the American dream.According to Ganzach, the College of electorates votes for the bestcandidate who assumes the presidency (18). When one party is inpower, the leaders of the alternative political vehicle criticize itdue to the different approach to American issues. For example, DonaldTrump, the vocal Republican presidential candidate is outrightagainst the American nuclear policy on Iran that was assumed byPresident Obama, a Democrat. There are also people who do not placetheir loyalty on any of the two parties. They belong to the thirdparties. I regard the Democratic Party to be the model vehicle toachieving the American dream.
TheDemocratic Party believes in the progressive taxation of citizens,which is a model that uses the income earned as the basis to makesuch decisions. Those with high earnings should pay more to thegovernment than people with a little income (Mandel and Omorogbe).The idea developed from the anti-federalist philosophy that givesmore power to the central government. While this may appear todiscourage entrepreneurs from investing in high-return ventures, itis a more equitable way of distributing the taxes. The Republicansare against this ideology with a clear stance that levies should notbe increased to victimize any group (Mandel and Omorogbe). They arguethat the wage and prices in the market should be set by theprevailing conditions.
Secondly,the Democratic Party pursues the goal of social responsibility andcommunity progression. Those who profess the party’s policy believethat the American society should develop as a block without somepeople lagging behind due to the incapacity to access some servicesor enjoy liberties. The Republicans, on the other hand, are vocal onthe individual rights and justice. Most of the party leaders embracecapitalism as the best way to ensure the American dream. The citizensshould be protected while working towards their goals. The unwillingcitizens should not act as a stumbling block towards the individualgrowth.
Thehealth policy is also a major source of ideological conflict betweenthe two political powers in the United States. The Democrats supportthe universal access to healthcare through the strong prop from thegovernment institutions. The current administration, therefore,provides a conducive environment for Medicare, Medicaid, andObamacare (Grossmann and Hopkins 121). Conversely, the Republicansvouch for private companies that can provide health services to thecitizens. They consider the non-governmental facilities as being moreefficient than the state institutions. They fiercely opposeprovisions in the Obamacare including the introduction of a fine toindividuals who do not take a health insurance cover (Grossmann andHopkins 120).
Althoughthe two parties dominate the political environment, the third partyplays a significant role in shaping the decisions that people make.The third party refers to any party that does not share thesentiments conceived by the two major parties. Its impacts date toRoosevelt’s administration when the socialist party held over 600mayoral provisions (Andon and Beck 21). Also, Roosevelt obtained amajority of the votes running on the Progressive Party. Currently,some of the alternative parties in the country include TheConstitution Party, The Green Party, and the Libertarian Party. Inthe past few decades, politicians from the major domains have beenadopting the policies proposed by the third party in the efforts toneutralize them (Andon and Beck 21). While the parties may remaininvisible after the elections, the point remains that their policiesare always included in the American philosophy. In 2000, during thepresidential elections, the Green Party withdrew votes from the AlGore, the Democrat Candidate that resulted in the victory of GeorgeBush.
Iconsider the Democratic Party as the most appropriate in the currentAmerican society. The rationale for this lies mainly in the healthpolicy and the stance on migration. First, the Democratic Partypursues an inclusive health program. The increased burden on healthcare due to the intensified lifestyle diseases can deplete theresources that low-income citizens have. According to Grossmann andHopkins, an insurance policy is the most convenient way of settlingthe bills (121). Also, there are several programs to which theindividuals can subscribe. I consider the Republican to bemisinformed by opposing the compulsory health policy. The rationalefor this is that the alternative they offer cannot be affordable tomost low and middle-income citizens.
Also,I support the stance on migration upheld by the Democratic Party. Theinstitution calls for the moratorium of offering pathways forcitizens who have no criminal record. I consider it inhumane for theRepublicans to maintain a no-amnesty for migrants. They vehementlyoppose Obama’s restriction of deporting migrant workers. Theprofiling of international citizens fleeing intolerable conditionsmay tarnish the image of the country among the internationaldevelopment partners.
Inconclusion, the Democratic and Republican parties dominate theAmerican political environment. Over the decades, the presidentialcandidate has either been a Republican or a Democrat. They havevaried philosophies on migration, healthcare and communitydevelopment. However, other small parties also contribute immenselyto the policies adopted by the mainstream political vehicles. Themajor parties usually assimilate the ideologies proposed by the smallparties.
AndonHersHey,MArjorie, and Paul Allen Beck."Partypolitics in America."(2015).
Ganzach,Yoav. "Cognitive ability and party identity: No importantdifferences between Democrats and Republicans." Intelligence58 (2016): 18-21.
Grossmann,Matt, and David A. Hopkins. "Ideological Republicans and groupinterest Democrats: The asymmetry of American party politics."Perspectiveson Politics13.01 (2015): 119-139.
Mandel,David R., and Philip Omorogbe. "Political differences in past,present, and future life satisfaction: Republicans are more sensitivethan democrats to political climate." PloSone 9.6(2014): e98854.