Patrol work playsa significant role in the community. For example, police presence notonly deters criminals but also makes the locals feel safe. Patrolsalso ensure that citizen calls are met with a rapid response.

1. Discuss atleast three important considerations when determining patroldistribution

Policeadministrators have to consider several factors before allocating anddeploying officers. Firstly, patrol distribution is dependent on thenature of the particular community or jurisdiction. In this regard,the total number of resident calls for service determines thesufficient amount of police resources (Fritsch, Liederbach, &ampTaylor, 2008). Different geographical areas need varying levels ofpolice service. In fact, some areas are infamous for intense criminalactivity while others are renowned peace havens. The regions withmore citizen calls invariably have a higher concentration of patrolofficers.

Secondly, thegoals of a particular police department have to be considered whendetermining the distribution of patrol. Each department has theautonomy to set targets for officer response time (Fritsch et al.,2008). Therefore, police units that desire to shorten the responsetime will deploy more patrol officers in comparison to thosedepartments without such targets. Furthermore, the division`spolicies may also stipulate the use of either of one or two officerunits to cover their jurisdiction (Fritsch et al., 2008). Inevitably,departments that use multiple units will have a more extensive patroldistribution than those that have single units.

Besides, theavailability of police resources determines patrol distribution(Fritsch et al., 2008). For example, budgetary allocations can limita police administrator in hiring and deploying patrol officers.Depending on the number of human resources, deployments may be madeat schools, hospitals, and other public facilities. In some cases, itmay be necessary to have specialized patrol units that handle variousproblems such as gangs, drug trafficking, prostitution, and trafficoffenses (Fritsch et al., 2008). Granted, each department mustfulfill core responsibilities of civilian safety and police work.Beyond such essential duties, administrators exercise theirdiscretionary powers to plan for patrol deployment. Nevertheless,such decisions are guided by the current material and financialassets. Therefore, patrol distribution is constrained by the amountof available resources.

2. Compare patrolallocation and distribution differences in a major urban city and asmall rural community. What is similar, what is different, and why?

There are severalsimilarities between patrol allocation and distribution in a ruralcommunity and an urban city. In both regions, patrol occupies thelargest share of total police time. Such a statistic arises from thefact that patrol work has become the hallmark of modern policingmethods (Fritsch et al., 2008). Also, police officers perform patrolwork as their first career assignments in both urban cities and ruralcommunities (Fritsch et al., 2008). Such uniformity is intended toengender similar attitudes and perceptions among all officers in thecriminal justice system (Fritsch et al., 2008). Moreover, patrolofficers in both areas follow the guidelines established by theregulatory body. Consequently, officers are held accountable toparticular standards and appropriations. Some of these standards areconcerned with pursuit driving, use of force, crisis intervention,and interrogation techniques (Fritsch et al., 2008). In addition,patrol allocation and distribution is dependent on the availableresources in both rural communities and urban centers.

Nevertheless,there are particular differences between police patrol in urban andrural areas. Notably, a rural community has a lower population thanan urban city (Fritsch et al., 2008). Consequently, it is expectedthat the incidence of crime will be higher in urban regions comparedto rural areas. Therefore, an urban city would have a more extensiveallocation and distribution of patrol officers. Furthermore, an urbancity has a greater number of government buildings and other sensitivelocations (Fritsch et al., 2008). In this regard, more patrolofficers will be deployed in urban cities to provide security instrategic areas. On the other hand, police departments in ruralcommunities are customarily understaffed due to insufficientresources (Fritsch et al., 2008). Consequently, a rural communitywould experience longer response times to citizen calls due to fewernumbers of patrol officers.


Fritsch, E. J., Liederbach, J., &amp Taylor, R. W. (2008). Policepatrol allocation and deployment. Upper Saddle River, NJ: PearsonPrentice Hall.