POLICE DEPLOYMENT STRATEGIES 4
1. a. of the Kansas City Preventive Patrol ExperimentThe Kansas Citypreventative Control Experiment proposed the use of police visibilityto deter criminal activity. It observed that police patrol reducedthe safety concerns of citizens. Therefore, it recommended the needfor rapid response and maintaining a unit of police officers readyfor emergencies (Fritsch et al., 2008).1. b. Theimplications of the results:The consequences of the experiment are still evident in variousmodern police programs and departments across the nation. Some of theprograms include order maintenance, aggressive patrol, crimeanalysis, split patrol force, problem-oriented policing, highvisibility and saturation patrol. Additional programs currently usedin modern policing include directed patrol, foot patrol and hotspots(Fritsch et al., 2008).1. c. Reliability of the Results to MakePatrol Allocation and Distribution Decisions in Modern Cities andCommunitiesThe impliedresults of the experiment proof unreliable in making police patrolallocation and distribution in modern towns and communities. First,the suggestions are criticized for inefficiency due to lack ofpro-activeness. The recommendations focus on making criminal offensesto match the police strategies instead of creating enforcement plansthat fit the nature of crimes. Consequently, they fail to reduce thecriminal opportunities in specific places, which is more important indetermining police deployment strategies. Second, the policies haveled to haphazard practices due to lack of innovation by the localofficials. Specifically, they have caused the failure of patrols dueto poorly trained officers, inflexible civil service systems,political interference and weak disciplinary controls (Fritsch etal., 2008). 2. BriefDiscussion of the Broken Windows TheoryBroken windows theory calls for the police department to targetindividual instances of disorder as a strategy to improveneighborhood conditions and reduce crime. The theory has led policymakers to design guidelines that address crime as a genuinedelinquency that requires aggressive intervention as opposed to theprevious policies that treated disorder as a nuisance. According tothe theory, disorder breaks down the social mechanisms that protectneighborhoods from offenses and consequently results in crime (Gau etal., 2014).a. TheValidity of the Theory in Police Resource UtilizationThe theory isnot valid for police resource utilization. First, it calls for thepolice force to conduct order-maintaining practices and requires theconstabularies to reduce fear proactively by targeting minor offenseslike traffic infractions, loitering, and panhandling. Furtherresearch has proven the approach ineffective due to the highpossibility of affecting the legitimacy of police officers. Duringthe order maintaining practices, the constabularies appear asdisrespective and intrusive to the community. Consequently, thepractices raise the fear of people towards the police and make themless likely to call the constabularies during times of trouble.Therefore, police agencies should design a less forceful approach toboost community engagement. Some of the proposed practices includeinvolving citizens in community policing activities such asneighborhood police patrols and block watches. The programs reassurethe residents that their community is composed of like-mindedindividuals who are inclined to involving the police when troublematerializes (Welsh et al., 2015). Second, incontrast to the observations of the broken window theory, police areunable to reduce fear automatically by targeting disorder. Instead,additional research revealed that the fear of the community toinvolve the forces emanate from the ineffectiveness depicted bypolice and the mistrust between neighbors. Therefore, it is importantfor the police agencies to reduce fear by devising strategies aimedat increasing police effectiveness and the trust between thecitizens. Such strategies include the use of technology to strengthensocial connections by creating non-emergency numbers as well associal media to spread the message about the availability of theconstabularies (Welsh et al., 2015).References
Fritsch,E. J., Liederbach, J., &Taylor, R. W. (2008). Policepatrol allocation and deployment.Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Gau,J., Corsaro, N., & Brunson, R. (2014). Revisiting broken windowstheory: A test of the mediation impact of social mechanisms on thedisorder and “fear relationship. Journalof Criminal Justice,42(6),579
Welsh,B., Braga, A., & Bruinsma, G. (2015). Reimagining brokenwindows: From theory to policy. Journalof Research in Crime and Delinquency,52(4),447-463.