PROJECT MANAGEMENT LEADERSHIP 5
Leadershipis an essentialcomponent in every project management to the success of any activityrequires the selectionof a strong leader (Laufer,Ziklik & Cohenca-Zall, 2012). The necessity of appointing aleader to guide a project isevidentin the case study "Apeaceful Evacuation: Building a Multi-Project Battalion by LeadingUpward."(Laufer, Ziklik & Cohenca-Zall, 2012). The case study baseson the leadership and scheme of two prominent leaders LieutenantColonel Yaron and Lieutenant Colonel Daniel during extractionand evacuation of the Israeli settlement amidst several populationsin Palestine close to the strip of Gaza (Laufer, Ziklik &Cohenca-Zall, 2012). Inthis case study,each leader had a different style of leadership that encountersnumerous challenges,and this proved beneficial to the entire process. The paper willexplore the leadership styles adopted by each leader and compare andcontrast them.
ColonelYaron style of leadership can be said to be transformational since itexiststhroughout the major part of this case study (Laufer, Ziklik &Cohenca-Zall, 2012). Transformation type of leadership substantiallyrelayson substantial levels of communication in the management to enablethe achievement of project goals. Adopting this kindof leadership, leaders typically motivate the staff and boost theproductivity and efficiency of both the project and employees theylead. They facilitate leadership through highly coordinatedcommunication and great massive visibility (Laufer, Ziklik &Cohenca-Zall, 2012). The leadership style requires participation torealize the goals or aims set. Leaders embracing this styleconcentrate on abroadpicture of the institution and allocate the smaller duties to theteam in an attemptto accomplish goals and the aims of a particular project. In the casestudy,transformational governance is demonstrated by Yaron when heencourages the commanders from the battalion companies to initiatethe meetings with the militaries (Laufer, Ziklik & Cohenca-Zall,2012). Here, there is an indication of the transformationalstyle of leadership as Yaron believed that the evacuation activitiesto be somehow aprivatedeal that required interaction between the soldiers and highermanagement to obtain the project`s feel. The other two examples werewhen the Yaron requested to meet Brigadier General where he assertedthat there was need of personnel to show some individualparticipation and commitment in the implementationof the mission by dispatching unit commanders for the mission to besuccessful (Laufer, Ziklik & Cohenca-Zall, 2012). The otherevidence is illustrated in Yaron`s expression when Brigadier gave himhis personal cellphonenumber and permission to call him anytimehe needed. His expression shows satisfaction that there weredirect openness and communication between lower subordinates andhigher management.
Onthe other hand,Lieutenant Colonel Daniel`s headship was different from that of Lt.Col. Yaron during evacuation process (Laufer, Ziklik &Cohenca-Zall, 2012). The fact that Lt. Col. Daniel by profession is aPsychologist influences his leadership style that actsas a reflection of his business.His style is more of participative leadership due to itsdemocraticform.Lt. Col. Daniel anticipated getting an insightof feelings and opinions of IDF psychologists,brandedas "the day of thinking." He raised the morale among theparticipants bygivinga chance to contribute in the process of decision making and thismade them feel that their opinions counted in over evaluation processmission (Laufer, Ziklik & Cohenca-Zall, 2012). Adopting thisstyle of governance made most of the members of the battalionto understand the importance of the evacuation and was willing toaccept the imminent change. Participative type of leadership has beenproven efficient in long term approach but proves hard to executeproperly in short timeprocess especially when it comes to decision making.
Inthis case study,both leaders display distinct styles of leadership in the evacuationplan time and complexmilitary operation (Laufer, Ziklik & Cohenca-Zall, 2012). Itmakes sense to deduce that various circumstances and contextsbenefited from different types of leadership. However, sometimesthere is no sufficient time for organizations to determine whichmethod best suit agivensituation. Both leadership models display a long-termoutlook,and they concentrate on follower’s development,but there is a difference in the reason of developing theparticipants(Laufer, Ziklik & Cohenca-Zall, 2012). Application oftransformation entails leaders placing organization`s well-beingabove anything else and that involves their timelessness. Inparticipative style,the welfare of both the organization and participating individuals isabove anything else and leaders in thistype of exhibit leadership behaviorsthat highly favor wellbeing of the participants.
CarlJung is said to be the most influential individual to have come upwith an idea in his book PsychologicalTypes.Afteranalysis of Lt. Col. Yaron his personality isdescribedas "A” type. He wanted to ensure there was total control ofthe environment.In the plannedmapping,he was more of goal oriented that detailed orients and highlypractical in his solution (Laufer, Ziklik & Cohenca-Zall, 2012).On the hand Lt. Col. Daniel`s personality is more of "C"type becausehe was more detailed oriented? He consulted research materials tounderstand better the effects of evacuation to the battalionsdeployed and those in the evacuation situation. His interest lied onmaking the mission strategy to this complexoperation the more precise and logical. Both the leadership stylesand the personality of both leaders balance one another to enhancethe performance of the team in carrying out the mission (Laufer,Ziklik & Cohenca-Zall, 2012). Lt. Col. Daniel produced a detailedreport on the psychological effects of the operation onthe soldiers and Lt. Col. Yaron used this information to understandsoldiers` feelings so as to make them comprehend the importance ofevacuation.
Laufer,A. Ziklik, Z. & Cohenca-Zall, D. (2012). Masteringthe Leadership Role in Project Management: Practices that DeliverRemarkable Results.Upper Saddle River, NJ: FT Press.