Part One

a. Brieflyexplain each of the four perspectives used by occupational therapiststo address the needs of OT clients with mental health issues(Humanistic, Biological, Psychodynamic, &amp Behavioral). In a fewsentences, explain why all four perspectives are needed forcomprehensive Mental Health OT Practice.

The humanisticperspective focuses on the individual’s potential, worth, andvalues (Cara &amp MacRae, 2013). It considers the dimensions of aperson’s life experience. The biological perspective seeks tohighlight the physiological factors that govern patient behavior(Cara &amp MacRae, 2013). The psychodynamic perspective emphasizesan individual’s personality and emotional development (Cara &ampMacRae, 2013). However, the behavioral perspective focuses on clientswith severe disturbances and frequent cases of erratic behavior (Cara&amp MacRae, 2013). All four perspectives are needed forcomprehensive mental health practice since occupational therapyutilizes a holistic approach in evaluating clients. Consequently, OTpractitioners consider the sum effects of physiological, cognitive,and behavioral processes.

b. Choose one ofthe four perspectives and explain why this perspective is needed forMental Health OT, by briefly discussing this perspective in asentence or two.

The humanisticperspective is required for mental health occupational therapy sinceit emphasizes client centeredness (Cara &amp MacRae, 2013). In thisregard, the patient is empowered to share in the setting of goals.Also, an individual can state their unbiased opinion on their workperformance.

c. For one of thefour perspectives (that you did not select for section b or d),describe a population of clients that could benefit from occupationaltherapists using that perspective. Explain your rationale forassociating the particular client population with that perspective.

Clients sufferingfrom schizophrenia can benefit from the application of the biologicalperspective. This is because clinicians can formulate sufficienttreatment plans after understanding the disorder’s biological basis(Cara &amp MacRae, 2013). Moreover, a clinician can develop a deeperappreciation for using medication management during the alleviationof symptoms. Family members may also be relieved upon understandingthe physiological explanation for schizophrenia.

d. For one of thefour perspectives (that you did not select for section b or c),briefly discuss a particular OT intervention strategy in mentalhealth practice that emanates from that particular perspective, asdesigned for a specific client population. Explain your rationale forassociating that particular intervention strategy with the associatedperspective and with your selected client population. Use at leastone reputable primary source to support your assertions andarguments.

A milieutreatment approach can be adopted to nurture and reinforce sociallyacceptable behavior in mental health patients during acutehospitalization (Cara &amp MacRae, 2013). Attending groups andeating meals with others provide opportunities for interacting withother patients in a social setting. Consequently, patients benefitfrom other types of therapeutic intervention.

Part Two:Diagnosis and Psychopathology

a. Explain whyeach of these three clients might be referred for occupationaltherapy services. Briefly discuss each hypothetical clientseparately.

Ms. Jones mightbe referred for occupational therapy since she has isolated herselffrom social contact. Furthermore, Mr. Nguyen deserves OT since he hasbeen doing incompetent work at his employment. On the other hand,Mrs. Garcia should be referred since she has neglected her personalhygiene (Cara &amp MacRae, 2013).

b. How would theDiagnostic and Statistical Manual be used by a psychologist,psychiatrist or social worker to arrive at a diagnosis for these orother mental health clients?

OT practitionersuse DSM to arrive at medical diagnoses based on a broad range ofinformation on multiple theoretical beliefs. DSM also utilizes abiopsychosocial approach to define the disorder in different theories(Cara &amp MacRae, 2013).

c. Choose one of the three hypothetical clients, and answer thefollowing question: When preparing to evaluate this client, in whatways would an occupational therapist find it useful to know thediagnosis that was assigned by a qualified mental health professionalfor this client?

When preparing toevaluate Ms. Jones, an occupational therapist would want to know thepatient’s diagnosis. Such information would help the therapist toidentify the various theoretical models applicable to Ms. Jones’scase. Besides, knowing the diagnosis would enable the therapist todevelop strategies of adopting the patient’s environment to fit hercondition.


Cara, E. &amp MacRae, A. (2013). Psychosocial occupationaltherapy: An evolving practice. Clifton Park, NY: Thomson DelmarLearning.