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RESEARCH PAPER

ResearchPaper

Shouldtaxes on people making over $250,000 a year be changed?

Theinquiry on whether the rich should be taxed more has been ongoing inthe United States as well as other countries in the world(Steenekamp, 2012). There has been an argument that the contributionof an individual or entity to the government’s revenues should beproportional to the level of earnings. The heated debate on thesubject has informed the choice of this topic. Some economists haveargued that taxing the rich more will increase tax revenue and reduceincome inequality. However, some analysts have claimed that it willnot result in significant rise in revenues (Piketty et al., 2014).This paper will illustrate why taxes on people earning over $250, 000per year should not be changed.

Theessay will mainly target economic policy analysts and decisionmakers. The decision makers include individuals and institutionsresponsible for formulating fiscal policies, particularly theDepartment of the Treasury. Policy analysts have an influence on thetax debate and, thus, the paper will impact on future discussions onrelevant laws.

References

Piketty,T., Saez, E. &amp Stantcheva, S. (2014). Optimal Taxation of TopLabor Incomes: A Tale of Three Elasticities. AmericanEconomic Journal: Economic Policy6(1): 230–271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1257/pol.6.1.230.

Steenekamp,T. J. (2012). Taxing the rich at higher rates in South Africa?SouthernAfrican Business Review,16(3): 1-29.

Shouldminors who commit violent crimes be tried as adults?

Thetopic was selected because of the controversies associated withdelinquent juveniles being tried in the adult criminal justicesystem. Statistics indicates that an increased number of youngoffenders, some of whom are below 16 years, are being involved inviolent crimes. While some commentators have argued that theseindividuals are still children and cannot be tried as adults, othermaintains that the juvenile system is not sufficient to deal with theincreased aggressive behaviors among the youths (Whitehead &amp Lab,2012). Although there are provisions for prosecution’s discretionto transfer delinquent youths to the adult system for trial, theappropriateness of the law has attracted a lot of debate (Griffin etal., 2011). The objectives of violent teenagers being tried as adultsare based on the fact that it is punitive enough, relative to theoffenses, compared to the more lenient juvenile system (Whitehead &ampLab, 2012). The paper will argue that some violent youths should betried as adults.

Theprimary audience will be policymakers and prosecutors. The researchpaper will aim at informing the legislators and other lawmakers onthe implications of violent juveniles being tried as adults. Thiswill have an influence on future laws and policies. It will alsoimpact on the prosecutors’ knowledge on the significance of theirdiscretions in trying violent youths in the adult system.

References

Griffin,P., Addie, S., Adams, B. &amp Firestine, K. (2011). Trying Juvenilesas Adults: An Analysis of State Transfer Laws and Reporting. JuvenileOffenders and Victims: National Report Series. US Department ofJustice.

Whitehead,J. &amp Lab, S. (2012). JuvenileJustice: An Introduction.New York: Routledge.

Shouldregulations for home schools be changed?

Homeschoolingis an approach to education where learning takes place in the homeenvironment, as opposed to the formal school setting. It isfacilitated by the parent or a hired tutor. The choice of the topicis informed by the increased prevalence of home education in thewestern societies. These developments have resulted in a need toregulate homeschooling to ensure that the minimum standards ofeducation are met (Hanna, 2012). Usually, the schooling begins withformal structures, but it changes as more efficient and unorthodoxlearning methods are adopted. These result in deviations from thenorms, which are attributed to lack of adequate regulation (Pavlides,2016). This research paper argues that there is a need for changes inhomeschooling laws.

Theprimary audience of the study will be stakeholders in the sector,mainly families that prefer homeschooling and school boards. It willinform the school boards on the challenges facing this form ofeducation due to regulation gaps. It will also educate the familieson the need for a better-regulated home-based system.

References

Hanna,L. (2012). Homeschooling Education: Longitudinal Study of Methods,Materials, and Curricula. Educationand Urban Society.0013124511404886.

Pavlides,M. (2016). Homeschooling Children with Disabilities: BalancingFreedom and Responsibility. Reviewof Disability Studies: An international Journal.1(2).