Roleof the Various Institutions That Established Labor and TributeRequirements on the Native Peoples in Spanish America

CourseName

Roleof the Various Institutions That Established Labor and TributeRequirements on the Native Peoples in Spanish America

Spainsuccessfully conquered parts of the American and Caribbean territoryis the 16thcentury. The native governments of those days included the IncaEmpire of Peru and the Spanish conquistadors of Mexico. Theestablishment of the Caribbean Empire through the arrival of Spanishcolonialists led to the exploitation of the natives through cheaplabor in a slave-like manner0.These laws were imposed through institutions such as the encomiendos,repartimientos, and the mita among others and led conversion,creation of local governments and slavery.

Theencomienda system was established in various countries, especially inPeru and Mexico. The system entailed granting Spanish settlers,conquistadors, and colonial officials land. Under the arrangement,the native people were required to provide labor on the farm andmines and give tribute to the owners of encomiendos, who in turncould offer protection and education. The tribute took the form offoodstuffs gold, silver, animals, or any other items that could beproduced from the farms0.Repartimientos, on the other hand, entailed designation of a certainpercentage of male workers from the native population to work for theSpanish crown.

Themost notable role played by the institutions that established laborsystems and tribute was the introduction of Christianity andconversion of people to Catholicism. Each encomienda had a residentpriest who could oversee the education and conversion of people tothe new religion. Furthermore, soon after the establishment of theencomiendas the owners started making irrational demands andforcefully working the natives for long hours in the farms andmines0.They needed more workers to conduct mining in the gold and mercurymines.

TheSpanish rulers abolished the repartimientos, and that implied morelabor shortages. Gradually, increased demands by encomenderosresulted in the enslavement of workers. This continued and marked thebeginning of the importation of slaves from the African continentapparently because they were resistant to tropical diseases and hadexperience in farming and mining0.Over time, the coming of Africans created a racial mix that led tocultural and racial clashes. Despite the negative outcomes associatedwith the Spanish invasion, they justified their treatment to thelaborers in that they protected them, educated them, and they livedunder the Spanish crown, which they were supposed to pay0.

Itis clear that the establishment of the Caribbean Empire through thearrival of Spanish colonialists led to the mistreatment of thenatives through cheap labor in a slave-like manner. They introducedlaws through institutions that represented systems put in place bythe Spanish settlers to abuse the natives and their resources. TheSpanish colonialists under the encomienda and repartimientos led tothe introduction of Christianity in Spanish America, the birth ofslavery and slave trade, racism, and development of towns and cities.

WorksCited

Sinclair,John. &quotThe case of Latin America.&quot&nbspThenew communications landscape: Demystifying media globalization&nbsp7(2000): 19.

Williamson,Edwin.&nbspThePenguin History Of Latin America: New Edition.Penguin UK, 2009.

0 Williamson.&nbspThe Penguin History Of Latin America: New Edition. Penguin UK, 2009

0 Sinclair. “The case of Latin America.&quot&nbspThe new communications landscape: Demystifying media globalization&nbsp7 (2000)

0 Williamson.&nbspThe Penguin History Of Latin America: New Edition. Penguin UK, 2009

0 Williamson.&nbspThe Penguin History Of Latin America: New Edition. Penguin UK, 2009

0 Sinclair. “The case of Latin America.&quot&nbspThe new communications landscape: Demystifying media globalization&nbsp7 (2000)