RomanWorld vs. Medieval world
Differencesin the political and economic structure that characterize the Romanworld versus the medieval world
TheRoman Empire or world is a post-roman Republic time of the ancientItalian civilization that begun as early as the 8thCentury Before Christ. The Roman world was characterized by agovernment that was headed by the emperors and had large territorialholdings in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The emperors had authority tomake policies and decisions in the society. The Imperial Roman statehad three major elements, i.e. the military, the government, and theprovincial governmentGoodman, M. (2013).The Roman world lacked modern instruments of communications, thus,lacking sufficient resources to impose their rules through the use offorce only. As such, it depended on cooperation with local powerelites who helped in the collection of revenue and maintaining order.The Romans exploited the internal political by supporting one factionover the otherGoodman, M. (2013).The economy of the Roman World was characterized by the subsistenceagriculture and as such was underdeveloped. The economy had nocentral bank, and the banking system regulations were minimal.
TheMedieval World, on the other hand, is the period after the fall ofthe Western Roman Empire. During this time both the political and theeconomic structures changed. During this period, new people filledthe political void that was left by the central government. Theperiod is characterized by migration of people, and as a result newKingdoms were created. Examples of the Kingdoms include theOstrogoths Kingdom and the Burgundians Kingdom. The economy wasrevolutionized, in that, new economic activities were established bythe invasions that occurred(Cook, & Herzman, 2012).In the Medieval world, assemblies were created that allowed free maletribal individuals more say in political matters as opposed to theperiod during the Roman Empire. However, the economy suffered agradual loss of tax revenue because the new political entities didnot support armies through taxes but rather on granting them land andrent.
Howdid those differing structures lead to different attitudes towardtechnology, and, eventually the development of new technologies
Thepolitical and economic structures in the Medieval World encouragedrapid technological developments compared to those structures thatexisted in the Roman World. The political structures in the RomanWorld discouraged migration of people that lead to slowedtechnological development (Cook,& Herzman, 2012).At the same time, the economic structures, for instance, thecollection of revenue to support armies, made it very difficult forthe startup to exist that would lead to technological advancement. Inother words, the governance was subjective on the people. During theMedieval period, there was a rapid economic growth. At the same time,there was an increased number of innovations in the productionmethods as a result of economic and political stability (Cook,& Herzman, 2012).Some scholars also believe that the economy was revolutionized as aresult of new technologies that were copied from people who migratedfrom other regions.
Newtechnologies, and how were they used differently
Aspecific example of a new technology during the medieval world is thethree-field rotation system. The system had a practice of planting aseries of dissimilar crops on the same land in sequenced seasons. Thesystem improved the process of crop planting. Through the system,there was an increased usage of land, which further increasesproduction. The increase in production further ensured enough foodsupply to the people. At the same time, there was the use of heavyplough system that made it easier to plough the land for farming. Assuch, horses, which are faster, were used instead of oxen.
Cook,W. R., & Herzman, R. B. (2012). The medieval world view: anintroduction. OUPCatalogue.
Goodman,M. (2013). TheRoman World 44 BC–AD 180.Routledge.