SOCIAL,ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL CHANGES OVER TIME FROM THE 1770S TO THE 1860S
U.S. has a rich history that is marked by years of political, socialand economic revolutions. Political changes have been the key driverof social and economic changes in the entire U.S. over the years.Specifically, the modern American political, social and economicstructure traces its roots to early 1700s and late 1800s reforms.This is the period that marked the birth of American dream and guidedthe direction that has been taken by America over the years. As suchthe political, social and economic structure of modern U.S. isanchored on many reforms that characterized the period between the1770s and 1860s. The changes have helped to define American person ofloves unity, prosperity and cherishes freedom.
The political changes have revealed the desire for freedom and goodgovernance that unites the U.S. people. Between 1770s and 1860s wasthe period that saw most political transformations, changes, andrealignments that founded the modern political structure in thecountry. It began with America quest for independence in the 1700swhere events such as Boston Massacre in 1770, 1773 Boston Tea Partyand resistance by sons of liberty led to the declaration ofindependence in July 17761.This ushered a new era that created an environment for the creationof the U.S. Constitution (which was transmitted through historic 1787letter of transmittal)2,which had various weaknesses that divided the country culminating invarious conflicts such as 1812 war, (following the election of JamesMadison)3.However, the political turmoil facilitated changes in politicalregimes and structures, which united the nation together by the endof the 1860s4.
Economic independence and prosperity was the driving force in theyears that shaped destiny of U.S. economic structure. A spirit ofreform was evident in the late 1700s and the first half of 19thcentury touching various economic areas5. Economic changes stemming from political hostilities led to some ofthe worst economic periods in the history of U.S. for example, in1786. America witnessed a great post-war economic depression whichled to a shortage of currency, nagging creditors, high taxesbankruptcies and farm foreclosures6.In spite of this, this period gave birth to economic independence inwhich most of the existing business empire and corporations wereborn, treaties were signed to create free trade across all states,and law reforms created a way for industrial revolution, which wasthe beacon of U.S. economic supremacy.
Despite various systems that existed, the desire for protection ofrights, development and freedom from any form of intimidation creatednation shaping social reform. At the height of U.S. national reformwere social frictions and hostilities that brought about changes inthe entire governance style. In this period there were various socialchanges such as the birth of civil rights movement, industrialmovement, the abolition of the slavery, and the women suffragemovement. Slavery abolition changed the U.S. social fabric greatlyafter 18657.The industrial movement impacted on all aspects of the social life bychanging from manpower to the machine power. The social change duringthe period emanated from the strained relationships between thecitizens and those that had power, where some proportion of U.S feltdiscontented with some social injustices propagated by bothindependent and colonial governments against s them8.
The period of between the 1770s and 1860s defined an American as aperson who is yearning for freedom and who can an extent mile toensure his social, political and economic freedom and prosperity. Thefederal government has made various achievements in addressingvarious divisive issues and ensure that America has a prosperousdestiny9.Various changes wrought by the economic, political and socialrevolutions created U.S. economic supremacy. As such, the U.S.historical period between the 1770s and 1860s created the foundation(amid conflicts and social-political tensions) upon which the Americadestiny is shaped.
Corbett,P S., et al. U.S.History.Houston, Texas: OpenStax College, Rice University, 2014.
The Letter ofTransmittal, (September 17, 1787)
U.S.Constitution.Art./Amend. XII, Sec. 3
1 U.S. Constitution. Art./Amend. XII, Sec. 3
2 The Letter of Transmittal, (September 17, 1787)
3 Corbett, P S., et al. U.S. History. Houston, Texas: (OpenStax College, Rice University, 2014), 265
5 Ibid 188
6 Ibid 218
7 Ibid 279
8 Ibid 216
9 Ibid 314