SocialWelfare Policy

InstitutionAffiliation

TheNew Jersey Department of Human services (DHS) was established toserve the vulnerable population of New Jersey. Among thebeneficiaries of this non-profit organization are individuals withdevelopmental disabilities, adults with severe mental illnesses andpersons suffering from blindness. Another special group of recipientsare those who have alcohol and drug addiction problems.

TheNew Jersey Department of Human Services is located at 22s WarrenStreet Trenton. To get to the location from Castle club apartment,one should proceed from Wilfred Drive then turn right and walk alongW ferry road past the intersection of N Pennsylvania Avenue and WFerry Road. From there one, one makes a further right- turn toGreenway Avenue followed by a left turn at the T- junction beforejoining Crown Street. Crown Street connects to E- Trenton Avenue fromwhere you take a left turn and cross the Calhoun St. Bridge. At theend of the bridge, there is a grade-separated intersection thatconnects to Calhoun Street. From this point, one needs to take aright turn and walk along the W State Street before making anotherright turn along S Warrant Street and then proceed to the New JerseyDepartment of Health Services at the end of the street.

Thedepartment takes part in variety programs. These include the nationalcommitment to child support that has been placed under the tutelageof the DHS and the Division of Family Development. Other agenciesinclude the Office of Child Support Services that focuses on thedivision of early childhood education as a means of enhancing thesocial and emotional development. It also relates to the physical andacademic development of New Jersey`s children.

Anotherprogram provided by Human Services Department in New Jersey is FamilySupport Services. This program is intended to provide financialassistance to the uncompensated caregivers. Some of the groups thatare catered for under this program are the physically and mentallychallenged persons. There are additional services such as food stampsthat are used to supplement nutritional requirements for those whomeet the eligibility criteria of New Jersey. Some of the likelybeneficiaries include senior citizens that are on small fixedincomes. Through the delivery of such services, the residents canafford a nutritionally balanced diet.

Thesupplemental security program also provides some services to thepeople of New Jersey. The groups of individuals include people abovethe age 65 as well as those suffering from visual impairments. Theyreceive the federal social security administration grants. Theservices offered under this program include emergency costs, burialfees, legal fees, and nursing home care.

Finally,the State has a public assistance program, titled ‘work first NewJersey’. That has been developed to enable families to achieveself-sufficiency. This is done by offering them various forms ofsupport ranging from child care to health insurance andtransportation. Other services provided include drug and substanceabuse treatment and emergency funds. Recipients benefit from afive-year lifetime limit on cash assistance until they can getemployment or take part in work activities.

TheDHS of New Jersey offers a variety of services to the marginalizedpopulace. This group includes those living in poverty, the ageingthat are out of foster care, individuals in the justice system, thephysically challenged and young parents. Street children, who havebeen ignored for long during the debate, are part of the marginalizedcommunity.

Tofacilitate the efficient delivery of services, New Jersey’s largestDepartment is overseen by eight major divisions. They include thecommissioner of human services and the executive staff that rely onsome administrative offices such as the Department of Mental Healthand Addiction Services, the Division of Ageing Services, andCommission for Blind and Visually Impaired. Other departments are thedivision of deaf and development disabilities, as well as sectionsdealing with family development, medical assistance and healthservices, and disability services.

TheDHS of New Jersey is actively involved in the local community. Itseeks to address problems such as the neglect of the aged by theircommunities, provision of medical and education services to thevisually impaired and the deaf. The selection criterion of thebeneficiaries of this program takes into consideration themarginalized groups in the society. This implies the individual mustbe either aged, visually impaired, poverty stricken or a youngparent.

LiteratureReview

TheSocial Security Act was passed in 1935. It contained titlesauthorizing the implementation of seven distinct programs. Forexample, Title II program was known as the Social Security Welfare(Larry, 2010). The Act was based on the work of the Committee onEconomic Security that had been appointed by President Franklin D.Roosevelt (Patricia 2005).

Accordingto Martin &amp Weaver (2005), The federal government and most of thestate programs tasked with the provision of income security tofamilies in the United States are guided by the Social Security Act(the Act) of 1935. This Act provides unemployment insurance for themarginalized population (Segal, 2010, p. 19).

Provisionsof the Policy

TheSocial Security Act 1935 also facilitates the delivery of benefits tothe ageing. This is well stated in section two of the legislation. Assuch, the compensation packages of the elderly population are to begiven to all former employees based on the wages earned duringemployment. The beneficiaries must have been employed within theUnited States, Alaska, or Hawaii (Vance, 2013). For one to qualifyfor the old-age benefits as stated in section 210c of the Act,various conditions have to be met. The beneficiary should be at least65 years of age and earning more than $2000 before reaching the ageof 65 years. The national administration also provides an old age-reserve account in the reserve treasury. The Federal governmentprovides compensation for the unemployed. The social security boarddetermines the amount to be issued in grants as per the state laws.They take into account the population of the respective states andthe financial implications. The grants offered by the federalgovernment to the states are given to the marginalized populationsuch as the visually impaired, dependent children, physicallychallenged children, child welfare and public health.

SocialSecurity has succeeded in creating national identification cardwithout which one cannot access banking services (DeWitt, 2010). Ithas also incorporated about 12,000 employees who worked as part ofsocial security administration. Social Security has made it possibleto shift charitable activities from the private to the public sector.Vance (2013) argues that despite the massive benefits derived fromthe welfare programs, there are a few setbacks experienced. To begin,many consider the social security as a retirement plan, insuranceprogram or an investment account. The maximum tax rate of 3% annuallyon employees and employers is also a major limitation. The socialsecurity has a variety of funding sources (Blau &amp Abramovitz,2010, p. 36). They include the federal funding that is composed ofself-employed contributors. Other sources of financing include thetax deposits from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). FederalHospital Insurance Trust Fund and Federal Supplementary MedicalInsurance Trust Fund also contribute to Social Security. Additionalsources of funding to the program include State funding which can bein various forms (DeWitt, 2010). They include cash assistance,healthcare and medical provisions, and food aid. Others are housingsubsidies, energy and utility subsidies.

Improvementof service delivery in the future

Toensure effectiveness and efficiency in achieving the clearly statedobjectives of the agency, the government should develop an accuratemechanism of monitoring the performance of the programs that havebeen initiated. Production and delivering of government servicesshould be at the lowest cost possible. Additionally, there should beadditional funds set aside for improving social benefits to thecitizens. The use of new technologies in the service delivery processensures that resources are efficiently allocated and utilized inachieving the primary objective of the program (DeWitt, 2010).

References

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Blau,J., &amp Abramovitz, M. (2010).&nbspThedynamics of social welfare policy.New York: Oxford University Press.

DeWitt,L. (2010). The Decision to Exclude Agricultural and Domestic Workersfrom the 1935 Social Security Act. Social Security Bulletin, Vol. 70(4). Retrieved fromhttps://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/ssb/v70n4/v70n4p49.html

Martin,P. &amp Weaver, D. (2005). Social Security: A Program and PolicyHistory. Social Security Office Policy. Retrieved from:https://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/ssb/v66n1/v66n1p1.html

Segal,E. A. (2010).&nbspSocialwelfare policy and social programs: A values perspective.Australia: Thomson Brooks/Cole.

Vance,L. (2013). The Success and Failures of Social Security. FFS Article.Retrieved fromhttp://fff.org/explore-freedom/article/two-successes-and-failure-of-social-security/

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