Culturecan be considered as the manner in which a society expresses itselfthrough beliefs and material things. Culture comprises of values,artistic works, and ideology. On the other hand, a subculture is agroup that has norms and values, which are distinctive from thoseheld by a majority. Therefore, a subculture is part of culture, or itcan be indicated that a subculture is a subset of culture (Kidd &Teagle, 2012).
Steampunkcan be considered a subculture. This is because the group is made ofaffiliates from a larger mainstream society. The perspectives andperceptions of the group are created and updated by the largerculture. The manner in which steampunk has been shaped reflects theway the society seems or is mirrored to the group. Also, when a groupparticipates in steampunk, it brings out what it has learned from thesociety. Thus, it can be argued that steampunk is a group that hasnorms and values, which are distinctive from those held by a majorityin the society. For instance, the group embraces film, music, andfashion in fantasy way that are inspired by the inventive age.
Acounterculture describes a subculture that identifies with norms andvalues that tend to differ significantly from those of the majorityof the society. A counterculture usually acts in opposition to themores of the mainstream culture (Kidd & Teagle, 2012). Steampunkdoes not qualify as a counterculture because its values and normsreflect those of the mainstream society. Steampunk could qualify as acounterculture in case it acts in a way that opposes the norms andvalues of the majority of the society. For instance, if thesubculture identifies with new values that are not part of thesociety, then it would be considered a counterculture.
Kidd,W. & Teagle, A. (2012). Cultureand Identity.New York: Palgrave Macmillan.