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Thepsychoanalytic theory developed by Sigmund Freud focused onpersonality development, a method of counseling and a philosophy ofhuman nature. He concentrated most on the role of unconscious mindand factors that motivate behavior. According to the theory, thereexist three structures of human personality. They include the Id,Ego, and Superego. The Id seeks pleasure and aims at avoiding painwhile the Ego balances Id and Superego. On the other hand, theSuperego deals with the conscience (Furnham et al., 2013).

Behaviortherapy gets based on the assumption that emotional problems arelearned responses to the eco-system and can get unlearned. The theorydoes not focus on understanding or uncovering the unconsciousmotivations that may be behind the maladaptive behavior (Furnham etal., 2013).


Why Iselected each model

I selected the psychoanalytic theory because the case study clearlydepicts the existence of some personality problems.

I also picked behavioral therapy because there existed a need for a change in behavior(drinking alcohol).

How the two models applyto the case study

The twomodels vividly apply to the case study since Jack has somepersonality issues that involve the use of defense mechanism. He usesBetty’s yelling as his reason for drinking. Alcohol predisposes himto liver problems and this gets precipitated by taking too muchalcohol.

Strength andweaknesses of the models.`

Psychoanalytic theory

Theadvantages that get associated with this model of psychoanalysis getbased on the existence of the conflict between the Id, Ego, andSuperego. Three types of anxiety emerge as a result of the createdconflict.They include reality, moral, and neurotic fears. The theorystipulates that reality anxiety arises where one fears danger fromthe external world, neurotic anxiety exists when one fears thatinstincts might get out of hand and result in actions that might landthem into trouble (Furnham et al., 2013).

Moralanxiety arises when one fears his or her conscience. Another strengththat gets associated with the psychoanalytic theory relates to thevarious defense mechanisms. The strategies might help one defend thewounded ego as well as cope with the anxiety. Some of the weaknessesassociated with the model are usually based on issues concerning thedefense mechanisms where they might get used to distort or denyreality.

Behavior therapy

Thestrength of this model is that learned responses can get unlearned.The goals of treatment get specified in objective and concrete termsthus making replication possible (Furnham et al., 2013).

Furnham etal.(2013) states that, by using the behavioral model, it might getdifficult to provide insight as well as make the clients comply withthe therapy as issues related to anxiety can hinder the effectivenessof this model.

The model I willmost likely use

I preferthe behavior model since Jack’s problem gets based on his conduct.According to this model of choice, unlearning the behavior might getachieved thus making it efficient as the outcome can get quantified.


Theories ofcounseling can get used in the modification of human behavior. It isevident that the above methods play a significant role in therehabilitation of Jack’s behavior.


Furnham, A. D., Wilson, E., Chapman, A., &amp Persuad, R. (2013).Treatment hurts: Lay theories of graded exposure in the treatment offour anxiety disorders. European Journal of Psychotherapy &ampCounselling, 15(3), 253-273. doi:10.1080/13642537.2013.810657