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The1848 Revolutions

The1848 revolutions in Europe were considered as the most widespreadrevolutionary wave that was caused by a series of politicalupheavals. In his book “1848, year of revolution,” RapportMichael attempts to provide a clear portrait of the revolution asEuropean phenomena. In doing this, he can adequately examine therevolution`s underlying causes as well as evaluate theirconsequences. According to the writer, the 1848 revolutionaries werefaced with overstretching challenges such as nationalism thatthreatened to create ethnic conflict. However, on the other hand,adventurers in the book “Two Years Before the Mast” by RichardHenry Dana view the 1848 revolution as manifest destiny. That ismainly due to the increased participation of different countries andAmerican states such as California.

Therefore,some of the critical early evidence of attitudes of why the 1848revolution came to be known as manifest destiny includes the need toexpand the revolution through to the west. For example, in the book,the writer uses political commentator and Russian socialist AlexanderHerzen to describe how the revolution could have extended to thewest. Alexander Herzen whose journey through the European lands tothe west made it possible to witness the events of the 1848 Europeanrevolution. Given that Europe was politically dominated by a firmorder by great powers such as Russia, Britain, Austria and France,the different constitutional led to increased political opposition.As a result f this, social class was created thus dividing not onlyits population but also its partner countries.

Anotherearly evidence of an attitude that made 1848 be known as manifestdestiny by the adventurer in the book, “Two Years Before the Mast”by Richard Henry Dana is the collapse of the steady regime withinEurope. That is, the need to establish a new constitutional order tomerge the great powers within the European revolution would lead tothe development of violent radicalism. That is mainly due to thedifferent economic viability of the participating countries. He says,“As the social unity proved to be short-lived and fractured,liberals and radicals of various nationalities vied with each otherfor control of a new regime direction (410-411).

Accordingto the writer Rapport Michael, the creation of a new constitutionalorder would lead to social inequalities and economic degradation ofthe different countries involved in the European revolution. That ismainly because some of the participating countries were Democratswhile others were communists, thus making politics be the key reasonfor the revolution. He says “as the all-too-brief revolutionaryconsensus fell apart with bloody consequences, politics morepolarized, thus giving room for authoritarian solutions (411)

Throughthis, it can be argued that the European revolution of 1848 sort toidentify the extent to which the participating countries would go inthe establishment of a new regime but also the lack of a legalframework that guided their operation. This as a result gave room forgrowth and development of dictatorship.

Theneed for social identity is another early evidence of an attitudethat made 1848 be known as manifest destiny by the adventurer in thebook, “Two Years Before the Mast” by Richard Henry Dana. That isthe social division created during the European evolution made itpossible for the unemployed persons to take part in the revolution.In the text, Fanny Lewald says, “the workers will be justified infighting for a place in society and the enjoyment of life if we donot find peaceful means to do enough for them” (218).


Michael,R., 1848. Year of Revolution, Perseus Books Goup. New York, 2008.Print.