TheThree Core Values of Person
Three core values of person-centered counseling
Unconditional Positive Regard.
UnconditionalPositive Regard is a theory of Carl Rogers applicable forpsychotherapy and in interpersonal relations. It recognizes auniversal need for positive regard by others for all persons undervarious situations. It requires that counselors should respect,accept and appreciate others without judgments. It is somehowdifferent from unconditional love since it does not need care for orliking. It only calls for acceptance of individuals whether you arefond of them or not. Unconditional Positive Regard should not betaken to mean being nice, friendly, or delightful with other people.It is more of a feeling towards others. As such, it ensures that atherapist has a genuinely sincere caring for a client regardless asto whether he/she approves the actions of the clients or not. It isan attitude of accepting individuals as they are.
Empathyis the ability to see the world from another person’s perspective.It means that a therapist understands what the client is feeling at aparticular moment. Empathy helps a therapist to communicate his ideasin such way that will make sense. It also helps the therapist tounderstand the clients when they are communicating. It is a buildingblock of a great social interaction. By having empathicunderstanding, the therapist will have the ability to appreciatesympathetically and perfectly the client’s experiences and feeling.It will ensure that the client is not lost in his or her feelings. Byunderstanding how a client truly feels without analyzing or judgingthem, the therapist and the client will have a successful session.
Thisis the most important quality of a therapist. It requires thetherapist to be genuine, integrated, open, and authentic over thecourse of interaction with clients. There is no façade by thetherapist, and that the therapist`s external and internal experiencesare same. It calls for authenticity and realness of the counselor.However, the concept of congruence does not imply that only a fullyself-therapist can be effective in counseling. Moreover, therapistsare also human, and they cannot be anticipated to be totallyauthentic. If a therapist is congruent in his relationship with theclients, the therapeutic process is likely to be a smooth. Congruenceonly exists on a continuum as opposed to an all or nothing basis.
Value of applying these aspects universally
Byapplying unconditional positive regards to all clients, therapistsare more likely to help out the clients as he/she exhibits respect,non-judgment, and impartiality. The counselor also values and acceptsthe clients regardless of their uniqueness by showing compassion andunderstanding their various struggles.
Empathyhelps to build up respect and trust enabling the clients to releasethe internally building up emotions. It also helps reduce tensionsbetween the client and therapist regardless of the situation underconsideration hence encourages surfacing of relevant informationsince a safe environment has been created. By being empathic, thetherapist will listen and deal with the clients concerns as theypresent them and assure no judgment is made. The counselor willrespond to the clients’ feelings as expressed at the correctintensity
Applicationof congruence is applicable universally regardless of the client’sproblem as it ensures that therapist exhibits genuineness towards theclient irrespective of the challenge facing the client. Congruence issame as acceptance. For openness between the client and the therapistto exist about the client`s experience, congruence is an essentialcharacteristic to the counselor. Without transparency, there can beno empathy either and in this sense, congruence is important forempathy to beeffective.
Does psychological dysfunction exist in the existential therapy model?
Existentialtherapy is an exclusive kind of psychotherapy. It explores thedifficulties from a philosophical view as opposed to taking a skillbased method. It focuses on human conditions as a whole applaudinghuman capacities while also assuming responsibility for all thesuccesses. Psychopathology involves understanding mental disorders aswell as learning genetics, social, psychological, and biologicalcauses. It is a treatment based on the relationship between anindividual and a therapist. It is based on dialogue by providing acompassionate environment which allows open interactions, which areneutral, objective, and non-judgmental.
Psychologicaldysfunction exists in the existential therapy model whereby it isapplied to solve problems about the mentally challenged with an aimto provide help to the needy individuals. It might take the form ofPsychotherapy by talking but at times other methods will be used suchas Music, art, physical movements and drama. It provides means tohelp solve the various personality problems thus dealing with thepeople having problems. Also, psychological dysfunction contributesto overcoming the primitive actions concerning abnormality whereby itwas considered as a form of spiritual or mystical occurrence. Itdiscourages the thought that the mentally challenged individuals arepossessed by evil spirits, thus, the patients are treated in a verycrude way.
McCarthy, C. J. (2013). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy. San Diego: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Mulhauser, G. (2014, December 20). An Introduction to Existential Counselling. Retrieved from An Introduction to Existential Counselling: http://counsellingresource.com/therapy/types/existential/
ScienceDaily. (2016). Psychopathology. Retrieved from Psychopathology: https://www.sciencedaily.com/terms/psychopathology.htm