TheThree Main Causes of the American War of Independence
Beforethe 1760s, America was one of the successful British colonies. Infact, most of the administrative policies resembled the British laws.In return, Britain provided the capital and military support to thesettlements when necessary. However, the American War of Independencebegan due to three main reasons, including, the imposition ofcompulsory and exorbitant taxes, the implementation of insupportableacts, and, finally, the Battle of Concord.
Between1756 and 1763, Britain incurred high costs on the French and IndianWar. The objective of the conflict was to protect the thirteenBritish colonies in America. The British administrators resolved toincrease the taxes charged on the colonies so that it could cover thewar expenses. After all, the colonists’ tax rates were negligiblewhen compared with the amount charged to the residents in Britain.Furthermore, most of the settlers were rich therefore, they couldcomfortably contribute higher taxes that were needed to repay thedebt incurred during the war. Lastly, King George argued that theexpenses were sustained while protecting the colonies. Consequently,the inhabitants had a duty to contribute higher taxes to increase theincome required to clear the debt. The law to increase the taxes waspassed without consulting the representatives of the colonies. Thesettlers were upset upon realizing that the crown had increased theirtax burden, yet it was far away. They began boycotting the suppliesfrom Britain, which eventually resulted in the 1770 massacre.Originally, the colonists just wanted to resist the British so thatthey could overcome the tax burden (Pavao).
Thesecond cause of the American War for Independence was theintroduction of several intolerable policies. For example, the crownpassed the Quartering Act, which required the colonists to offer theBritish soldiers barracks, as well as personal residences. Anothercritical bill was the one restricting the colonists from using theBoston port until they had repaid the full loss incurred at theBoston Tea party. Moreover, the colonial charters were abolished. Thenullification of the treaties implied that the colonists could nolonger solve court matters therefore, a settler standing a trial hadto board a ship to Britain for prosecution. In response to theseintolerable policies, colonists established the Continental Congress. The Congress unified the colonists against Britain. The big distancebetween the colonies and the mother country made them feelindependent too, and this pushed them to oppose the crown. It isnoteworthy that famous administration writings enlightened a majorityof the frontiers by great thinkers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau,John Locke, and Thomas Hobbes. As a result, they advocated for thedivision of administrative powers, sovereign government, socialcontract, and democracy. A majority of the colonists wanted a simplelife that was free of the stringent laws that guided the BritishKingdom (Pavao).
Thethird leading cause of the Revolutionary War was the Concord Battle.It is imperative to note that the first Continental Congress intendedto communicate the grievances of the colonists to England withoutdamaging the existing diplomatic ties. Nevertheless, the Congresslater decided that the settlers should have the liberty to tax andrule themselves. Additionally, they also determined that they shouldform a militia to guard their interests. King George II was angeredby the proposal forwarded by the American colonies. He sent a troopto capture the leaders of the militia. In the process, the soldierskilled eight rebels. However, the troops from England faced massiveresistance upon advancing to Concord. The defeat of the armymotivated the colonial public to believe in the war of independence(Pavao).
Insummary, American colonies sought independence because they wanted tooppose the oppressive taxes. Secondly, they wanted to establishself-leadership because England had enacted several unfavorablepolicies. Moreover, King George declared the colony hostile, so thesettlers had to defend their territory against foreign invaders.
Pavao,Janelle. “Causes of the American Revolution.” RevolutionaryWar.Web. 7 July 2016.