Wetlandsact as a connection between land and water, they are considered to beone of the most beneficial biological entities on the earth.Depending on the type of wetland, most of its existence might beinhabited with different types of vegetation. For an area to beregarded as a wetland, the area must be drenched in water for themost part of the year. Some wetlands are totally dry at specificperiods of the year. Before developing a potential solution of waterin the residential home basements, there is a need to understand someaspects about wetlands (Jackson etal.,2014).
Movementof water through or over the ground is greatly affected by landscapegeomorphology thereby influencing soil properties through the impactof hydrologic budgets. Landscape position is vital to the proceduresinfluencing the development and character of soils, as it impactswater development over or through the ground and the nearbyhydrologic budgets. The flow of water on the surface and subsurfaceis controlled through surface topography Convergent water flow,subsurface runoff and focusing surface are promoted by concavecontours towards the lower sides of the land. On the contrary,different water flow emanates from convex contours. The landscape inthis scenario entails different landforms which denote a combinationof different curvatures. Hence, the wetland functions and soilproperties are affected.
Theother aspect for consideration is the climate conditions. Extremeweather conditions characterize spring season. Cold air originatingfrom the Polar Regions accompanies warm winds which emanate from thelower regions. The melting of the snow leads to the increase in watervolume in the rivers and seas. Further flooding results from theincreased heavy rainfall. The hailstorms and tornado further worsenthe situation. This thus explains why flooding is a constant issue inthe basements of the residential homes.
Oneof the common topographic settings that characterize wetlands is theaccumulation of surface water or ground water is released hence theareas is constantly wet for most times of the year. The water fromthe wetland flows to the nearby river, some taken up by plant rootsof the forest nearby, while the remaining proportion infiltrates thesoil to form groundwater. Evaporation plays a major role in thereturning water stored on the earth’s surface (wetlands, rivers)back to the atmosphere. This process leads to the transformation ofwater (liquid-gas-liquid or solid such as ice). As the water coolsdown, there is cloud formation which eventually leads to rain. Thiswater goes back directly into the wetlands and other water bodieswhile some form underground water bodies which are experienced in theresidential home basements.
Theother problem involves some recent developments in the landscapewhich contribute significantly to the problems witnessed within thebasement of the residential homes. One such development involves therecent logging which leads to the destruction of the forest cover.Forests play a critical role in maintaining water balance in thesoil. The other problem concerns the construction of residentialhomes in a wetland. In addition to environmental degradation, thisalso interferes with the dynamic components of the wetlandenvironment (Brinson, 1993). The problem is further worsened by thelocation of the affected homes which lies between the wetlands andthe river nearby, an area considered to have a higher undergroundwater potential. This thus explains the intensity of the problem.
Inaddition to the air-filled and water-filled pore spaces, othercomponents found within soil include natural materials and minerals.The process leading to the development of wetlands may be affected bythe chemical and physical properties of soil. Besides, wetlanddevelopment and function may impact a portion of the physical andchemical properties of soils.
Aplan of action is critical in averting the problem. This plan shouldfocus on the protection of wetlands using either voluntary orregulatory measures or a combination of both approaches. Land useplanning is an essential component that should be integrated as asolution to the problem (Odum and Skjei, 1974). This involvesincorporation of techniques for wetland management, adopting anordinance aimed at protecting the wetlands, in addition to adopting azone for collecting flood waters, stream buffer or an ordinance forthe hydric soil to offer an indirect protection to the wetlands. Landconservation techniques should be formulated so as to protect thewetlands. Vegetated buffers should be maintained around the wetlands.These strategies are likely to offer a solution to the existingproblem.
Brinson,M. M. (1993). Changes in the functioning of wetlands alongenvironmental gradients. Wetlands,13(2),65-74.
Jackson,C. R., Thompson, J. A., & Kolka, R. K. (2014). Wetland soils,hydrology and geomorphology.
Odum,W. E., & Skjei, S. S. (1974). The issue of wetlands preservationand management: A second view. CoastalManagement,1(2),151-163.